1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

.

2013 Country statistical profile: China 2013/2

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2013

Country statistical profile: China 2013
‌‌
Unit
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
4 102
 
4 747
 
5 548
 
6 186
 
6 781
 
7 554
 
8 414
 
9 095
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
4 073
 
4 738
 
5 561
 
6 225
 
6 770
 
7 521
 
8 334
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
11.3
 
12.7
 
14.2
 
9.6
 
9.2
 
10.4
 
9.3
 
..
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic structure - value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing: share of real value added
%
12.1
 
11.1
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
10.3
 
10.1
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
Industry: share of real value added
%
41.8
 
42.2
 
41.6
 
41.5
 
39.7
 
40.0
 
39.8
 
38.5
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business: share of real value added
%
7.9
 
8.5
 
9.8
 
9.4
 
10.7
 
10.9
 
10.9
 
11.1
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-0.2
 
0.9
 
3.2
 
1.8
 
0.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
2.3
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.9
 
2.7
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
31.5
 
31.4
 
29.6
 
27.3
 
22.3
 
25.6
 
25.9
 
24.5
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
37.1
 
39.1
 
38.4
 
35.0
 
26.7
 
29.4
 
28.5
 
27.3
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
102.0
 
177.5
 
263.9
 
298.1
 
196.1
 
181.8
 
155.0
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
660.0
 
791.5
 
956.1
 
1 132.6
 
1 005.6
 
1 396.0
 
1 743.4
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
762.0
 
968.9
 
1 220.1
 
1 430.7
 
1 201.6
 
1 577.8
 
1 898.4
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-9.7
 
-8.9
 
-8.0
 
-11.8
 
-29.4
 
-31.2
 
-61.7
 
-89.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
84.0
 
100.8
 
130.1
 
158.9
 
158.9
 
193.3
 
247.6
 
281.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
74.4
 
92.0
 
122.2
 
147.1
 
129.5
 
162.2
 
186.1
 
191.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
5.9
 
8.6
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
4.9
 
4.0
 
1.9
 
2.4
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
64 493
 
90 630
 
115 960
 
185 694
 
245 800
 
317 210
 
424 780
 
502 750
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
471 549
 
614 383
 
703 667
 
915 524
 
1 314 800
 
1 569 604
 
1 906 908
 
2 159 551
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
104 109
 
124 082
 
156 249
 
171 535
 
131 057
 
243 703
 
280 000
 
253 400
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
13 730
 
23 932
 
17 155
 
56 742
 
43 890
 
57 954
 
48 400
 
62 400
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.8
 
1.5
 
4.8
 
5.9
 
-0.7
 
3.3
 
5.4
 
2.6
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.9
 
2.3
 
12.3
 
14.3
 
0.7
 
7.2
 
11.8
 
4.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
CNY per USD
3.45
 
3.47
 
3.63
 
3.82
 
3.77
 
3.96
 
4.17
 
4.21
 
Exchange rates
CNY per USD
8.19
 
7.97
 
7.61
 
6.95
 
6.83
 
6.77
 
6.46
 
6.31
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
41
 
44
 
46
 
52
 
54
 
57
 
61
 
..
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 750.2
 
1 912.0
 
2 014.8
 
2 086.1
 
2 249.3
 
2 417.1
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.33
 
0.32
 
0.29
 
0.28
 
0.27
 
0.26
 
..
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
13.8
 
12.9
 
12.6
 
12.6
 
12.0
 
11.6
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
11.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
23.7
 
30.9
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
561 100
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
593 400
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
155 770
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
157 340
 
157 340
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
280
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
250
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
5 560
 
6 082
 
6 471
 
6 656
 
6 962
 
7 428
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
53.7
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
85.8
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
59.0
 
..
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
71 055
 
83 902
 
96 304
 
111 183
 
140 603
 
160 494
 
183 099
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 307 594
 
1 314 581
 
1 321 482
 
1 328 276
 
1 334 909
 
1 341 335
 
1 348 010
 
1 353 914
 
Population growth rates
%
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
21.9
 
21.3
 
20.7
 
20.3
 
19.9
 
19.5
 
19.1
 
18.8
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
7.6
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
72.2
 
72.5
 
72.7
 
72.9
 
73.1
 
73.3
 
73.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.5
 
70.8
 
71.0
 
71.2
 
71.4
 
71.6
 
71.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
73.9
 
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.8
 
75.0
 
75.3
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
7.9
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
18.9
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
4 162 750
 
4 616 828
 
5 261 653
 
7 733 020
 
8 248 308
 
8 563 516
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
1 535 404
 
1 675 297
 
1 872 308
 
2 025 472
 
2 139 033
 
2 138 113
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
76
 
68
 
62
 
55
 
51
 
50
 
..
 
..
 
..
Not available
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2013 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2013-en)
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