1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2021 Country statistical profile: Canada 2021/2

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2021

Country statistical profile: Canada 2021
‌‌
Unit
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
44 299
 
45 754
 
44 670
 
46 472
 
48 317
 
50 240
 
50 661
 
48 091
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
43 624
 
45 014
 
43 986
 
45 905
 
47 702
 
49 392
 
50 011
 
47 576
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.2
 
e 
1.1
 
e 
2.9
 
e 
0.0
 
e 
3.6
 
e 
1.8
 
e 
2.1
 
e 
7.3
 
e 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.3
 
2.9
 
0.7
 
1.0
 
3.0
 
2.4
 
1.9
 
-5.3
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
4.7
 
3.5
 
4.1
 
1.6
 
1.9
 
0.7
 
1.2
 
14.3
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
1.4
 
2.3
 
-5.2
 
-4.7
 
3.3
 
1.8
 
0.3
 
-3.7
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.0
 
1.7
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
20.4
 
21.0
 
18.1
 
17.4
 
18.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Construction
%
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
7.6
 
7.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
17.4
 
17.4
 
17.8
 
18.2
 
18.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
4.4
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.4
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Real estate
%
11.6
 
11.5
 
12.1
 
12.5
 
12.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
7.6
 
7.6
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
7.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
19.7
 
19.4
 
20.2
 
20.5
 
20.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-1.5
 
0.2
 
-0.1
 
-0.5
 
-0.1
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
-10.7
 
General government debt
% of GDP
107.3
 
108.4
 
114.6
 
114.1
 
108.6
 
107.4
 
106.7
 
141.6
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
39.3
 
39.3
 
40.8
 
41.1
 
41.2
 
41.9
 
42.3
 
42.6
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
7.4
 
7.2
 
7.6
 
7.7
 
7.6
 
7.6
 
7.6
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
17.0
 
16.9
 
17.9
 
18.3
 
18.0
 
18.0
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
5.5
 
5.7
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
7.1
 
7.1
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
3.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.28
 
0.27
 
0.31
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.27
 
0.24
 
0.28
 
0.26
 
0.26
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
31.1
 
31.3
 
32.8
 
33.3
 
33.1
 
33.2
 
33.5
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
11.3
 
11.4
 
12.1
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
7.2
 
7.2
 
7.6
 
7.6
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
31.0
 
31.6
 
31.5
 
31.4
 
30.6
 
30.8
 
30.5
 
30.4
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
31.9
 
32.6
 
34.3
 
33.9
 
33.6
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
31.0
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
30.3
 
31.7
 
31.8
 
31.5
 
31.5
 
32.3
 
31.9
 
29.0
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-3.6
 
13.2
 
-9.5
 
-12.4
 
-12.3
 
-8.9
 
-6.8
 
-14.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
461.8
 
463.8
 
419.9
 
402.5
 
433.2
 
459.8
 
453.4
 
405.9
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
458.2
 
477.0
 
410.4
 
389.9
 
420.7
 
450.8
 
446.6
 
390.9
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-21.9
 
-21.4
 
-19.8
 
-17.1
 
-17.3
 
-17.3
 
-16.2
 
-5.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
115.6
 
114.2
 
104.8
 
104.5
 
111.9
 
120.8
 
121.2
 
91.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
93.6
 
92.8
 
85.0
 
87.4
 
94.6
 
103.5
 
105.0
 
85.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.1
 
-2.3
 
-3.5
 
-3.1
 
-2.8
 
-2.3
 
-2.1
 
-1.8
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
1 131 177
 
1 125 917
 
1 156 042
 
1 290 015
 
1 532 829
 
1 379 872
 
1 720 413
 
1 961 564
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
982 529
 
994 712
 
806 298
 
903 454
 
940 279
 
844 786
 
1 062 726
 
1 122 240
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
69 371
 
59 008
 
43 853
 
36 062
 
22 764
 
38 232
 
47 829
 
24 098
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
57 364
 
60 273
 
67 467
 
69 518
 
76 179
 
57 405
 
78 886
 
46 433
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
0.9
 
1.9
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
1.9
 
0.7
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
0.8
 
1.6
 
2.6
 
2.0
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
2.3
 
1.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
1.1
 
2.5
 
4.1
 
1.0
 
-1.0
 
0.8
 
3.7
 
2.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
1.5
 
3.5
 
-9.6
 
-3.0
 
5.3
 
6.7
 
-2.2
 
-7.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
0.4
 
2.5
 
-0.8
 
-0.2
 
3.1
 
3.9
 
-0.1
 
-0.4
 
Long-term interest rates
%
2.26
 
2.23
 
1.52
 
1.25
 
1.78
 
2.28
 
1.59
 
0.75
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
CAD per USD
1.22
 
1.23
 
1.25
 
1.21
 
1.21
 
1.20
 
1.21
 
1.21
 
Exchange rates
CAD per USD
1.03
 
1.10
 
1.28
 
1.33
 
1.30
 
1.30
 
1.33
 
1.34
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
121
 
115
 
111
 
105
 
108
 
106
 
107
 
106
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
274.2
 
281.4
 
279.9
 
290.5
 
302.5
 
306.8
 
305.6
 
287.6
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
49 509.2
 
49 442.0
 
49 672.7
 
49 097.4
 
50 572.5
 
49 849.6
 
49 455.4
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
108.60
 
98.60
 
53.48
 
43.60
 
54.30
 
70.88
 
63.12
 
45.79
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
85.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
84.0
 
..
 
83.2
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
83.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
89.0
 
93.6
 
91.0
 
94.7
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
32 323
 
..
 
30 812
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
c 
..
 
c 
..
 
c 
..
 
c 
..
 
c 
800
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
168
 
140
 
187
 
201
 
192
 
191
 
187
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
547
 
552
 
549
 
548
 
559
 
571
 
571
 
523
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
53
 
54
 
55
 
56
 
57
 
58
 
59
 
60
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
9 450
 
9 202
 
9 156
 
9 649
 
10 174
 
10 629
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
12 510
 
12 705
 
13 559
 
14 521
 
13 804
 
14 575
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
22 151
 
21 331
 
21 810
 
24 449
 
24 517
 
24 496
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
6.8
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.2
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
9.1
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
13.9
 
14.8
 
14.4
 
14.8
 
13.2
 
13.4
 
12.6
 
14.0
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
55.9
 
56.3
 
56.6
 
56.0
 
57.1
 
57.2
 
57.8
 
49.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
81.3
 
81.0
 
81.2
 
81.1
 
82.0
 
82.4
 
83.1
 
79.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
59.5
 
59.6
 
60.1
 
60.9
 
61.4
 
62.1
 
62.6
 
60.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
19.0
 
19.2
 
18.9
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
18.8
 
19.0
 
18.0
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
8.8
 
8.7
 
8.5
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.6
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
9.5
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
8.7
 
8.5
 
8.4
 
8.8
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
8.1
 
8.0
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
7.9
 
7.9
 
8.4
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.1
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
6.4
 
5.9
 
5.7
 
9.6
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.5
 
7.7
 
6.8
 
6.2
 
6.1
 
9.6
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
6.7
 
6.4
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
5.9
 
5.6
 
5.3
 
9.5
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
12.9
 
12.9
 
11.6
 
11.7
 
12.1
 
10.1
 
8.5
 
5.1
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
3.1
 
3.3
 
1.9
 
-1.0
 
2.6
 
3.0
 
3.4
 
10.1
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 716
 
1 710
 
1 712
 
1 706
 
1 695
 
1 708
 
1 690
 
1 644
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
26 267
 
27 159
 
27 005
 
27 847
 
27 981
 
28 548
 
27 563
 
27 840
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
9.1
 
9.0
 
8.9
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
35 083
 
35 437
 
35 703
 
36 109
 
36 545
 
37 065
 
37 593
 
38 005
 
Population growth rates
%
1.1
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.1
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.3
 
16.2
 
16.2
 
16.2
 
16.2
 
16.1
 
16.0
 
15.9
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
15.3
 
15.6
 
16.0
 
16.4
 
16.8
 
17.1
 
17.5
 
18.0
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
19.9
 
20.1
 
20.2
 
20.7
 
21.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
7.0
 
6.3
 
6.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
8.0
 
7.5
 
6.9
 
7.4
 
6.3
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.2
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
5.1
 
4.8
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
7.3
 
6.7
 
6.7
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
81.7
 
81.8
 
81.9
 
82.0
 
82.0
 
82.0
 
82.1
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
79.6
 
79.7
 
79.8
 
79.9
 
79.9
 
79.9
 
80.0
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.8
 
83.9
 
83.9
 
84.0
 
84.0
 
84.1
 
84.2
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.0
 
4.7
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
4.4
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
62.0
 
..
 
64.2
 
..
 
60.4
 
..
 
59.8
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.8
 
10.6
 
11.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
839 653
 
875 037
 
903 981
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
56
 
52
 
53
 
53
 
51
 
52
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 14 October 2021; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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