1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2009 Country statistical profile: Canada 2009

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Canada 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
873.0
 
910.0
 
937.8
 
989.6
 
1 049.8
 
1 131.0
 
1 203.7
 
1 269.6
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
28 447
 
29 334
 
29 893
 
31 242
 
32 811
 
35 002
 
36 867
 
38 500
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
27 706
 
28 504
 
29 145
 
30 506
 
32 143
 
34 377
 
36 548
 
37 970
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
5.2
 
1.8
 
2.9
 
1.9
 
3.1
 
2.9
 
3.1
 
2.7
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
4.8
 
5.3
 
3.5
 
2.7
 
3.2
 
2.1
 
3.2
 
2.7
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
19.2
 
19.6
 
19.5
 
19.6
 
20.3
 
21.3
 
22.3
 
22.6
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
2.9
 
1.1
 
1.4
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
2.0
 
1.3
 
0.5
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
4.1
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
2.5
 
3.1
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-1.8
 
-9.1
 
-5.2
 
10.8
 
9.2
 
2.6
 
-2.2
 
..
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
7.9
 
-2.1
 
2.2
 
0.6
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
1.2
 
..
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
4.7
 
3.6
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
3.3
 
3.1
 
3.9
 
..
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
2.9
 
0.7
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
0.9
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
82.1
 
82.7
 
80.6
 
76.6
 
72.6
 
71.1
 
68.0
 
64.1
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.2
 
6.5
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.8
 
9.3
 
9.6
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
9.9
 
10.0
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
16.5
 
17.0
 
17.1
 
17.2
 
16.6
 
16.5
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.6
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.25
 
0.22
 
0.28
 
0.24
 
0.27
 
0.34
 
0.29
 
0.29
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
35.6
 
34.8
 
33.7
 
33.7
 
33.7
 
33.4
 
33.3
 
33.3
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
17.8
 
16.7
 
15.4
 
15.4
 
15.7
 
15.9
 
16.2
 
16.7
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
8.6
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
8.9
 
8.7
 
8.5
 
8.1
 
7.8
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
33.2
 
32.0
 
32.1
 
32.0
 
32.0
 
31.9
 
31.9
 
31.3
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
42.7
 
40.7
 
39.4
 
36.2
 
36.3
 
35.9
 
34.8
 
33.7
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
37.6
 
39.4
 
30.2
 
31.8
 
43.1
 
45.7
 
38.1
 
39.9
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
240.0
 
221.6
 
222.4
 
240.2
 
273.8
 
314.4
 
349.9
 
380.0
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
277.6
 
261.1
 
252.6
 
272.1
 
316.9
 
360.1
 
388.0
 
419.9
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-3.9
 
-5.0
 
-4.6
 
-8.2
 
-8.5
 
-10.0
 
-13.0
 
-17.9
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
44.1
 
43.8
 
45.0
 
52.3
 
58.7
 
65.4
 
72.3
 
80.5
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
40.2
 
38.8
 
40.4
 
44.1
 
50.3
 
55.4
 
59.3
 
62.6
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
2.7
 
2.3
 
1.7
 
1.2
 
2.3
 
1.9
 
1.4
 
0.9
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
237 647
 
..
 
..
 
318 974
 
372 652
 
390 907
 
454 766
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
212 723
 
..
 
..
 
289 157
 
315 247
 
339 406
 
376 535
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
66 796
 
27 670
 
22 146
 
7 486
 
-364
 
28 923
 
69 044
 
107 435
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
44 678
 
36 037
 
26 761
 
22 935
 
43 684
 
33 544
 
45 246
 
49 460
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
102.5
 
104.8
 
107.7
 
109.7
 
112.2
 
114.4
 
116.9
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.9
 
107.5
 
109.1
 
111.0
 
113.6
 
116.2
 
119.2
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
103.2
 
101.2
 
109.2
 
116.6
 
127.8
 
134.4
 
137.5
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
100.0
 
101.0
 
101.0
 
99.7
 
102.8
 
104.3
 
106.8
 
108.5
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.93
 
5.48
 
5.30
 
4.80
 
4.58
 
4.07
 
4.21
 
4.27
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
1.23
 
1.22
 
1.23
 
1.23
 
1.23
 
1.21
 
1.21
 
1.21
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
1.49
 
1.55
 
1.57
 
1.40
 
1.30
 
1.21
 
1.13
 
1.07
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
88
 
88
 
87
 
90
 
92
 
98
 
105
 
107
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
252.1
 
249.0
 
249.5
 
262.2
 
269.0
 
273.7
 
269.7
 
272.4
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
8.21
 
8.03
 
7.95
 
8.28
 
8.41
 
8.47
 
8.27
 
8.29
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.29
 
0.28
 
0.27
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.27
 
0.26
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
16.8
 
15.9
 
16.8
 
15.6
 
15.5
 
15.9
 
16.1
 
16.5
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
29.10
 
24.87
 
24.97
 
29.53
 
38.13
 
52.37
 
64.33
 
70.04
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
20.6
 
20.2
 
19.2
 
18.8
 
18.5
 
17.3
 
16.6
 
16.4
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
20.5
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
49.9
 
54.5
 
56.9
 
59.8
 
64.3
 
68.1
 
..
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
1 008
 
1 060
 
1 042
 
1 088
 
1 452
 
1 020
 
1 070
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
127
 
153
 
177
 
157
 
145
 
145
 
171
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
11 280
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12 980
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
400
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
533
 
526
 
534
 
554
 
550
 
556
 
539
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
28
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
35
 
..
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
40.0
 
41.6
 
42.6
 
44.0
 
44.6
 
46.1
 
47.0
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
56.3
 
56.3
 
57.5
 
58.3
 
58.0
 
57.8
 
58.7
 
59.5
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.9
 
79.8
 
80.3
 
80.8
 
81.3
 
81.3
 
81.6
 
82.2
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
48.1
 
48.2
 
50.1
 
53.0
 
53.9
 
54.8
 
55.6
 
57.1
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
18.1
 
18.1
 
18.8
 
18.9
 
18.5
 
18.3
 
18.1
 
18.2
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
10.6
 
9.9
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
9.5
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
9.3
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
11.7
 
11.2
 
10.8
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
10.5
 
10.2
 
10.5
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
9.2
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.4
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
6.8
 
7.2
 
7.7
 
7.6
 
7.2
 
6.8
 
6.3
 
6.0
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
6.9
 
7.5
 
8.1
 
7.9
 
7.5
 
7.0
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
6.7
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
6.9
 
6.5
 
6.1
 
5.6
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
11.2
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
10.0
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
8.7
 
7.5
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
18.1
 
18.7
 
18.8
 
19.5
 
20.2
 
21.3
 
22.7
 
..
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 768
 
1 762
 
1 744
 
1 734
 
1 753
 
1 738
 
1 738
 
1 736
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.91
 
2.09
 
2.04
 
2.03
 
2.05
 
2.01
 
1.94
 
1.89
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.7
 
7.9
 
8.2
 
..
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
30 689
 
31 021
 
31 373
 
31 676
 
31 995
 
32 312
 
32 649
 
32 976
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.9
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
12.6
 
12.6
 
12.7
 
12.8
 
13.0
 
13.1
 
13.2
 
13.4
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
6.5
 
7.9
 
6.9
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
6.8
 
6.6
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
18.1
 
18.4
 
18.7
 
19.0
 
19.2
 
19.5
 
19.8
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
5.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.0
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
5.7
 
..
 
..
 
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
 |
6.6
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
6.1
 
..
 
..
 
7.8
 
..
 
..
 
 |
6.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
6.2
 
..
 
..
 
5.9
 
..
 
..
 
 |
6.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
8.7
 
..
 
..
 
9.9
 
..
 
..
 
 |
8.0
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.3
 
79.6
 
79.7
 
79.9
 
80.2
 
80.4
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.7
 
77.0
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
77.8
 
78.0
 
..
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.9
 
82.1
 
82.1
 
82.4
 
82.6
 
82.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
..
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
5.7
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
19 627
 
19 679
 
20 057
 
17 534
 
19 145
 
18 770
 
18 265
 
17 931
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
95
 
90
 
93
 
87
 
85
 
91
 
..
 
83
 
Note:  |: Break in series Last updated 6 April 2009
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
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