1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2023 Country statistical profile: Brazil 2023/1

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2023

Country statistical profile: Brazil 2023
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
15 800
 
14 816
 
14 326
 
14 597
 
15 089
 
15 424
 
..
 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
15 487
 
14 496
 
14 022
 
14 324
 
14 669
 
15 010
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income per capita
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.5
 
-3.5
 
-3.3
 
1.3
 
1.8
 
1.2
 
-3.3
 
5.0
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-4.2
 
-13.9
 
-12.1
 
-2.6
 
5.2
 
4.0
 
..
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.7
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
4.9
 
..
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
17.6
 
16.8
 
16.2
 
16.8
 
17.8
 
17.9
 
..
 
..
 
Construction
%
6.2
 
5.7
 
5.1
 
4.3
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
..
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
20.7
 
20.1
 
19.6
 
19.9
 
19.8
 
19.9
 
..
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
6.4
 
7.1
 
7.9
 
7.6
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
..
 
..
 
Real estate
%
9.3
 
9.7
 
9.7
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
9.7
 
..
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
8.1
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
20.3
 
21.2
 
21.6
 
22.0
 
21.9
 
21.9
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-5.9
 
-7.8
 
-7.2
 
-7.1
 
-6.1
 
-5.0
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
78.6
 
86.0
 
98.4
 
104.0
 
105.2
 
110.0
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
56.5
 
57.6
 
59.4
 
58.4
 
59.8
 
61.0
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.7
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
..
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.1
 
0.9
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
13.7
 
14.1
 
12.1
 
11.8
 
14.2
 
14.8
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
11.0
 
12.9
 
12.5
 
12.5
 
14.6
 
14.1
 
..
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-9.7
 
13.3
 
39.1
 
56.6
 
47.8
 
36.4
 
49.7
 
59.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
230.9
 
173.6
 
139.6
 
159.3
 
184.8
 
185.4
 
158.8
 
218.9
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
221.2
 
186.9
 
178.7
 
215.9
 
232.6
 
221.8
 
208.5
 
278.7
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-48.2
 
-37.1
 
-30.6
 
-38.3
 
-36.0
 
-35.5
 
-20.9
 
-17.1
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
88.2
 
70.8
 
63.9
 
72.8
 
71.4
 
69.8
 
49.5
 
50.3
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
39.9
 
33.8
 
33.3
 
34.5
 
35.4
 
34.3
 
28.6
 
33.2
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-4.1
 
-2.9
 
-1.3
 
-1.1
 
-2.7
 
-3.5
 
-1.5
 
-1.7
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
209 993
 
184 909
 
203 186
 
242 964
 
213 261
 
247 605
 
277 875
 
296 185
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
601 490
 
429 843
 
563 539
 
623 021
 
568 741
 
705 031
 
595 285
 
592 761
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
63 846
 
49 961
 
53 700
 
66 585
 
59 802
 
65 386
 
28 318
 
50 367
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
-3 261
 
-11 643
 
-5 901
 
19 040
 
-16 336
 
19 031
 
-12 935
 
23 083
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
6.3
 
9.0
 
8.7
 
3.4
 
3.7
 
3.7
 
3.2
 
8.3
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
7.5
 
9.8
 
12.5
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.00
 
6.25
 
7.50
 
7.13
 
6.72
 
6.20
 
4.87
 
4.80
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
BRL per USD
1.81
 
1.99
 
2.13
 
2.18
 
2.23
 
2.28
 
2.37
 
2.53
 
Exchange rates
BRL per USD
2.35
 
3.33
 
3.49
 
3.19
 
3.65
 
3.94
 
5.16
 
5.39
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
80
 
68
 
71
 
79
 
70
 
68
 
54
 
54
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
303.8
 
297.6
 
286.7
 
292.3
 
288.2
 
292.7
 
286.2
 
299.2
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
117 427.6
 
120 353.4
 
122 005.4
 
123 638.7
 
128 864.1
 
133 460.2
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
50.5
 
47.9
 
46.1
 
46.3
 
41.8
 
39.4
 
45.4
 
39.2
 
Households with access to internet
%
49.6
 
49.2
 
53.9
 
60.8
 
66.7
 
71.4
 
83.2
 
81.5
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
64 176
 
65 054
 
66 584
 
66 033
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
538
 
485
 
e 
494
 
e 
493
 
e 
489
 
e 
485
 
e 
484
 
e 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
564
 
578
 
543
 
565
 
582
 
600
 
630
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
482
 
458
 
422
 
433
 
411
 
411
 
389
 
439
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
14
 
15
 
17
 
17
 
18
 
19
 
20
 
21
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
15.8
 
17.1
 
18.0
 
19.4
 
19.1
 
18.2
 
19.6
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
23.2
 
27.0
 
28.5
 
30.2
 
30.0
 
28.9
 
35.2
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
43.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
15.3
 
15.8
 
14.0
 
15.3
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
14.0
 
14.2
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
29.5
 
30.6
 
31.1
 
31.8
 
31.9
 
32.0
 
32.3
 
33.3
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
33.4
 
34.8
 
35.3
 
35.8
 
35.9
 
35.9
 
36.2
 
37.3
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
24.1
 
24.8
 
25.5
 
26.4
 
26.6
 
26.9
 
26.8
 
27.6
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
201 718
 
203 476
 
205 157
 
206 805
 
208 495
 
210 147
 
211 756
 
213 318
 
Population growth rates
%
0.9
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
22.7
 
22.3
 
21.9
 
21.6
 
21.3
 
21.1
 
20.9
 
20.6
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.7
 
8.9
 
9.2
 
9.5
 
9.8
 
10.2
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
74.8
 
75.0
 
75.2
 
75.5
 
75.7
 
75.9
 
76.1
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
71.1
 
71.3
 
71.6
 
71.8
 
72.0
 
72.2
 
72.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
78.5
 
78.7
 
78.9
 
79.2
 
79.4
 
79.6
 
79.7
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
14.1
 
13.3
 
14.0
 
13.4
 
13.1
 
13.3
 
12.2
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
5.8
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.7
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 27 January 2023; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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