1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

English French

.

2016 Country statistical profile: Belgium 2016/2

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2016

Country statistical profile: Belgium 2016
‌‌
Unit
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
37 857
 
37 652
 
39 303
 
41 118
 
42 212
 
43 359
 
43 698
 
44 281
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
38 745
 
37 698
 
40 466
 
41 475
 
43 178
 
43 983
 
44 383
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.2
 
1.9
 
-0.6
 
-0.5
 
0.6
 
-0.5
 
0.5
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.7
 
-2.3
 
2.7
 
1.8
 
0.2
 
0.0
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
10.0
 
11.4
 
8.2
 
6.6
 
6.4
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
1.9
 
-6.6
 
-0.8
 
4.2
 
0.2
 
-1.7
 
6.9
 
2.4
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
Industry including energy
%
18.6
 
17.1
 
17.6
 
17.3
 
16.8
 
16.7
 
16.5
 
16.3
 
Construction
%
5.7
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.7
 
5.5
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
21.2
 
20.5
 
20.4
 
20.2
 
20.0
 
19.9
 
19.7
 
19.7
 
Information, communication
%
4.0
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.8
 
5.7
 
6.2
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
6.1
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
Real estate
%
9.2
 
9.1
 
8.8
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
12.6
 
12.5
 
12.5
 
12.8
 
12.9
 
13.4
 
13.6
 
13.9
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
20.9
 
22.0
 
21.6
 
21.8
 
22.3
 
22.6
 
22.6
 
22.5
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-1.1
 
-5.4
 
-4.0
 
-4.1
 
-4.2
 
-3.0
 
-3.1
 
-2.6
 
General government debt
% of GDP
101.0
 
109.4
 
107.7
 
110.1
 
120.1
 
118.0
 
129.5
 
127.3
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
49.2
 
48.8
 
49.3
 
50.3
 
51.6
 
52.6
 
52.0
 
51.4
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
50.3
 
54.1
 
53.3
 
54.4
 
55.8
 
55.6
 
55.1
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
7.2
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
8.1
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
e 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
26.7
 
29.1
 
28.8
 
29.4
 
30.3
 
30.9
 
30.7
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
2.1
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
9.4
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
2.5
 
3.1
 
2.8
 
3.6
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.48
 
0.55
 
0.64
 
0.54
 
0.48
 
0.45
 
0.46
 
0.42
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
43.0
 
42.1
 
42.4
 
43.0
 
44.0
 
44.7
 
44.7
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
12.3
 
12.0
 
12.0
 
12.1
 
12.3
 
12.8
 
12.9
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
3.3
 
2.3
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.5
 
10.6
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
11.0
 
10.8
 
10.7
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
55.9
 
55.7
 
55.9
 
56.1
 
56.0
 
55.7
 
55.6
 
55.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
79.2
 
67.0
 
74.7
 
81.1
 
81.7
 
80.9
 
83.1
 
82.7
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
79.7
 
69.3
 
76.4
 
81.6
 
82.3
 
82.2
 
84.0
 
84.4
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-14.6
 
-4.7
 
-4.5
 
-13.5
 
-12.4
 
-8.6
 
-5.1
 
0.4
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
326.9
 
245.2
 
275.8
 
337.0
 
313.2
 
324.3
 
324.7
 
259.6
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
312.4
 
240.5
 
271.3
 
323.5
 
300.8
 
315.8
 
319.6
 
260.0
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
7.7
 
9.9
 
10.8
 
10.1
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
6.9
 
5.5
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
89.0
 
82.1
 
87.7
 
95.2
 
98.0
 
104.0
 
117.0
 
105.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
96.7
 
91.9
 
98.4
 
105.3
 
106.4
 
112.5
 
123.9
 
111.2
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-1.0
 
-1.1
 
1.7
 
-1.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.1
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
419 640
 
465 528
 
439 573
 
446 955
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
486 226
 
482 946
 
415 717
 
427 820
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
-13 830
 
60 966
 
43 233
 
78 329
 
6 518
 
13 678
 
-8 704
 
31 035
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
17 256
 
1 048
 
-8 313
 
46 413
 
33 834
 
23 063
 
5 010
 
38 554
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
4.5
 
-0.1
 
2.2
 
3.5
 
2.8
 
1.1
 
0.3
 
0.6
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
1.3
 
1.6
 
1.1
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.1
 
0.8
 
1.7
 
2.7
 
3.1
 
3.4
 
-0.4
 
1.2
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
19.7
 
-14.0
 
9.5
 
16.8
 
6.2
 
-3.8
 
-6.2
 
-5.8
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
5.7
 
-4.9
 
6.3
 
6.8
 
2.9
 
-0.2
 
-2.5
 
-6.8
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.42
 
3.90
 
3.46
 
4.23
 
3.00
 
2.41
 
1.71
 
0.84
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
0.87
 
0.86
 
0.85
 
0.84
 
0.83
 
0.82
 
0.82
 
0.82
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
121
 
117
 
111
 
111
 
105
 
109
 
111
 
102
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
58.4
 
56.1
 
60.4
 
56.2
 
53.8
 
55.8
 
52.8
 
52.9
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
2 010.5
 
2 394.3
 
2 801.9
 
3 094.2
 
3 350.1
 
3 490.3
 
3 583.2
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
96.01
 
61.77
 
79.65
 
110.50
 
110.83
 
108.45
 
98.49
 
51.65
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
70.0
 
71.1
 
76.7
 
78.9
 
80.3
 
81.9
 
..
 
82.1
 
Households with access to internet
%
63.6
 
67.4
 
72.7
 
76.5
 
77.7
 
80.0
 
82.8
 
81.8
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
6 129
 
6 005
 
5 953
 
5 082
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
17
 
16
 
16
 
17
 
18
 
16
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
3
 
3
 
4
 
3
 
4
 
6
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
5 134
 
5 037
 
4 973
 
5 035
 
4 970
 
4 892
 
4 886
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
479
 
467
 
455
 
456
 
447
 
437
 
433
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
104
 
93
 
102
 
94
 
89
 
89
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
35
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
37
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9 581
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12 025
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
15 503
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
5.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5.4
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
18.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
18.9
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
27.4
 
25.4
 
25.2
 
26.0
 
25.3
 
23.6
 
23.2
 
23.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
80.5
 
79.8
 
80.0
 
79.4
 
79.3
 
79.1
 
79.1
 
78.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
34.5
 
35.2
 
37.4
 
38.7
 
39.5
 
41.7
 
42.7
 
44.0
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
18.3
 
18.2
 
18.3
 
18.8
 
18.7
 
18.2
 
18.1
 
18.2
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
14.2
 
14.8
 
14.4
 
14.3
 
14.3
 
15.1
 
14.6
 
15.2
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
17.0
 
17.7
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.6
 
18.8
 
17.9
 
18.7
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
10.8
 
11.3
 
10.8
 
10.5
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
10.9
 
11.1
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.0
 
7.9
 
8.3
 
7.1
 
7.5
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.5
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
6.5
 
7.7
 
8.1
 
7.1
 
7.6
 
8.6
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
7.6
 
8.1
 
8.5
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
8.2
 
7.9
 
7.8
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
47.6
 
44.2
 
48.8
 
48.3
 
44.7
 
46.0
 
49.9
 
51.7
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
4.0
 
2.7
 
1.4
 
2.4
 
3.2
 
2.7
 
0.9
 
0.5
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 570
 
1 548
 
1 546
 
1 560
 
1 560
 
1 558
 
1 560
 
1 541
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
8 202
 
8 269
 
8 772
 
9 385
 
10 303
 
10 602
 
10 895
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
8.3
 
8.6
 
9.1
 
9.4
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
10.3
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
10 710
 
10 796
 
10 920
 
11 048
 
11 128
 
11 178
 
11 227
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.8
 
0.8
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.9
 
16.9
 
16.9
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
17.0
 
..
 
Eldery population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.1
 
17.1
 
17.1
 
17.2
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
17.9
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
13.5
 
13.9
 
14.9
 
15.0
 
15.3
 
15.5
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
9.5
 
9.8
 
10.2
 
10.6
 
10.8
 
10.9
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
5.3
 
6.4
 
6.7
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
6.8
 
7.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
14.3
 
16.3
 
16.9
 
15.5
 
17.6
 
18.2
 
18.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
6.6
 
7.0
 
7.1
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
6.8
 
6.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
14.9
 
16.1
 
17.3
 
14.6
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
16.3
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.8
 
80.1
 
80.3
 
80.7
 
80.5
 
80.7
 
81.4
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.9
 
77.3
 
77.5
 
78.0
 
77.8
 
78.1
 
78.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
82.6
 
82.8
 
83.0
 
83.3
 
83.1
 
83.2
 
83.9
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.8
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
51.0
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
17.9
 
17.9
 
17.8
 
18.1
 
17.4
 
16.7
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
57 021
 
e 
50 657
 
50 925
 
e 
50 506
 
e 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
139 146
 
140 567
 
140 303
 
144 213
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
88
 
87
 
77
 
78
 
69
 
65
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2016; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Break in series
e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org). For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en).
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