1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2010 Country statistical profile: Belgium 2010

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: Belgium 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
292.9
 
310.0
 
313.7
 
324.4
 
336.6
 
351.8
 
368.2
 
377.9
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
28 493
 
30 014
 
30 238
 
31 146
 
32 141
 
33 365
 
34 665
 
35 288
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
28 951
 
30 417
 
30 704
 
31 484
 
32 350
 
33 656
 
34 997
 
35 523
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
3.1
 
-0.4
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
0.1
 
2.9
 
1.8
 
1.2
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.8
 
1.4
 
0.8
 
3.2
 
1.8
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
1.0
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
13.7
 
12.9
 
12.2
 
10.8
 
10.0
 
10.9
 
11.2
 
11.5
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
20.8
 
19.1
 
18.8
 
19.8
 
20.7
 
21.0
 
21.7
 
22.6
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-5.5
 
4.3
 
-7.3
 
5.2
 
-12.1
 
10.0
 
-1.1
 
0.0
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
0.2
 
-0.9
 
-0.7
 
3.2
 
0.9
 
2.8
 
3.1
 
-0.4
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.7
 
2.5
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.1
 
1.9
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
0.4
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.4
 
-2.8
 
0.2
 
-0.2
 
-1.2
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
112.0
 
108.4
 
103.4
 
98.5
 
95.9
 
91.6
 
88.1
 
93.5
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
49.5
 
49.7
 
50.9
 
49.1
 
49.3
 
48.7
 
48.2
 
48.9
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
49.2
 
49.8
 
51.1
 
49.5
 
52.2
 
48.5
 
48.4
 
50.1
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.3
 
6.3
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.2
 
7.4
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.4
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
26.5
 
26.6
 
26.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
2.8
 
2.6
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.37
 
0.43
 
0.60
 
0.41
 
0.53
 
0.50
 
0.43
 
0.48
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
44.9
 
45.0
 
44.6
 
44.8
 
44.7
 
44.4
 
43.9
 
44.3
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
17.5
 
17.3
 
16.9
 
16.9
 
17.1
 
16.7
 
16.5
 
16.7
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.0
 
11.1
 
11.0
 
11.2
 
11.3
 
11.3
 
11.0
 
0.0
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
56.7
 
56.3
 
55.7
 
55.4
 
55.5
 
55.5
 
55.8
 
56.0
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
76.1
 
74.1
 
71.7
 
74.2
 
78.2
 
80.4
 
81.5
 
85.3
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
11.6
 
17.7
 
20.7
 
21.1
 
13.8
 
15.4
 
17.3
 
6.5
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
178.7
 
198.1
 
234.8
 
285.4
 
320.2
 
353.7
 
413.6
 
470.7
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
190.3
 
215.8
 
255.5
 
306.4
 
334.0
 
369.1
 
430.9
 
477.2
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
3.6
 
5.0
 
6.2
 
5.5
 
3.9
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
33.6
 
35.9
 
42.9
 
49.1
 
51.1
 
53.3
 
69.0
 
82.1
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
35.4
 
37.7
 
44.6
 
52.7
 
56.1
 
59.5
 
74.4
 
86.1
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
3.4
 
4.6
 
4.1
 
3.5
 
2.6
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
-2.5
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
16 265
 
33 508
 
43 583
 
34 351
 
58 926
 
110 795
 
59 564
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
12 288
 
38 359
 
34 038
 
32 640
 
50 713
 
93 919
 
68 146
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
2.1
 
2.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
4.5
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.2
 
2.1
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
0.8
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
4.6
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
1.2
 
1.8
 
2.5
 
3.9
 
6.1
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
0.6
 
-3.1
 
-0.1
 
6.6
 
11.5
 
7.5
 
0.2
 
19.9
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-1.0
 
0.1
 
0.9
 
4.2
 
2.0
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
5.9
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.06
 
4.89
 
4.15
 
4.06
 
3.37
 
3.81
 
4.33
 
4.40
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.89
 
0.87
 
0.88
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.91
 
0.91
 
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
1.12
 
1.06
 
0.89
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
89
 
90
 
102
 
109
 
110
 
112
 
119
 
123
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
58.3
 
56.4
 
59.2
 
58.9
 
58.7
 
58.1
 
57.0
 
57.8
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
5.68
 
5.46
 
5.71
 
5.65
 
5.60
 
5.51
 
5.37
 
5.44
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.21
 
0.20
 
0.20
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.18
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.6
 
2.8
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
4.4
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
24.20
 
24.35
 
27.72
 
35.35
 
50.06
 
61.06
 
70.35
 
96.01
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
23.3
 
20.3
 
19.9
 
20.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21.7
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
50.2
 
54.0
 
60.2
 
63.6
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 390
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
27
 
26
 
24
 
24
 
22
 
20
 
22
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
2
 
2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
5 210
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
490
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
119
 
112
 
120
 
117
 
113
 
110
 
106
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
32.1
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
32.3
 
32.5
 
33.2
 
34.4
 
33.4
 
29.4
 
30.0
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
28.5
 
28.5
 
27.1
 
28.1
 
26.6
 
26.2
 
26.8
 
26.9
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
76.6
 
76.6
 
76.1
 
77.3
 
78.3
 
78.2
 
79.3
 
80.5
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
25.2
 
25.8
 
28.1
 
30.1
 
32.1
 
30.4
 
33.8
 
32.8
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
17.0
 
17.9
 
18.0
 
18.9
 
18.5
 
19.3
 
18.3
 
18.7
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
15.1
 
15.4
 
15.0
 
14.9
 
15.2
 
15.1
 
14.8
 
14.2
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
17.0
 
17.2
 
16.7
 
17.2
 
17.5
 
17.6
 
17.4
 
17.0
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
12.7
 
12.9
 
12.6
 
12.0
 
12.3
 
11.8
 
11.5
 
10.8
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
6.6
 
7.5
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.3
 
7.5
 
7.0
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
5.9
 
6.6
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
7.6
 
7.4
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
7.5
 
8.7
 
8.9
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
9.3
 
8.5
 
7.6
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
51.7
 
49.6
 
46.3
 
49.6
 
51.6
 
55.6
 
50.0
 
52.6
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
3.6
 
3.8
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
3.3
 
3.8
 
3.4
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 577
 
1 580
 
1 575
 
1 549
 
1 565
 
1 566
 
1 560
 
1 568
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
2.07
 
1.94
 
1.88
 
1.86
 
1.83
 
1.86
 
1.90
 
1.92
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.7
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
8.3
 
8.2
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
10 287
 
10 333
 
10 376
 
10 421
 
10 479
 
10 548
 
10 626
 
 |
10 517
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
17.5
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
17.2
 
17.1
 
17.0
 
16.9
 
16.5
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.9
 
17.0
 
17.1
 
17.2
 
17.2
 
17.2
 
17.1
 
17.3
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
3.4
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
4.8
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
10.8
 
11.1
 
11.4
 
11.7
 
12.1
 
12.5
 
13.0
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
9.1
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
6.3
 
6.2
 
5.6
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
18.3
 
14.9
 
14.8
 
15.8
 
15.8
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
6.9
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
8.0
 
7.5
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
17.3
 
15.0
 
20.3
 
19.3
 
17.2
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
78.1
 
78.1
 
78.2
 
78.9
 
79.0
 
79.5
 
79.8
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
75.0
 
75.1
 
75.3
 
76.0
 
76.2
 
76.6
 
77.1
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.2
 
81.2
 
81.1
 
81.8
 
81.9
 
82.3
 
82.6
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.5
 
4.4
 
4.1
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
13.0
 
17.4
 
17.1
 
16.9
 
18.3
 
16.9
 
15.4
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
6.2
 
6.8
 
7.1
 
4.9
 
6.2
 
7.1
 
5.2
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
5 117
 
5 323
 
5 261
 
5 385
 
5 409
 
5 665
 
5 713
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
144
 
131
 
117
 
112
 
104
 
102
 
100
 
100
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
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