1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2019 Country statistical profile: Australia 2019/1

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2019

Country statistical profile: Australia 2019
‌‌
Unit
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
42 740
 
44 341
 
43 810
 
47 679
 
47 551
 
47 273
 
49 984
 
51 730
 
e 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
41 037
 
42 990
 
42 718
 
46 429
 
46 570
 
46 313
 
47 518
 
49 281
 
e 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
5.1
 
3.5
 
0.4
 
2.7
 
2.9
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.4
 
2.7
 
3.9
 
2.2
 
2.6
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
2.4
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.4
 
8.1
 
6.8
 
7.3
 
7.5
 
5.6
 
4.6
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
3.6
 
11.6
 
3.1
 
-1.8
 
-3.2
 
-3.4
 
0.0
 
4.2
 
e 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
3.0
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
20.4
 
19.8
 
18.3
 
18.7
 
16.6
 
15.5
 
16.8
 
..
 
Construction
%
7.8
 
8.1
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.6
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
16.7
 
16.9
 
17.1
 
16.5
 
16.7
 
17.0
 
16.2
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
3.1
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.7
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.5
 
8.6
 
9.1
 
9.3
 
9.3
 
..
 
Real estate
%
11.1
 
11.3
 
11.8
 
12.0
 
12.3
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.6
 
10.3
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
10.9
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
17.0
 
16.8
 
17.2
 
17.3
 
17.9
 
18.5
 
18.1
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.6
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-4.4
 
-4.6
 
-2.9
 
-2.8
 
-2.4
 
-2.2
 
-1.4
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
41.9
 
46.3
 
59.2
 
55.8
 
61.6
 
64.3
 
68.6
 
65.7
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
32.4
 
32.5
 
33.3
 
33.6
 
34.2
 
34.9
 
35.0
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
34.4
 
34.9
 
35.3
 
35.4
 
36.0
 
36.2
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
6.1
 
6.4
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
16.6
 
17.1
 
17.3
 
17.6
 
18.3
 
18.5
 
17.8
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
4.3
 
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
4.9
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.32
 
0.34
 
0.36
 
0.33
 
0.31
 
0.29
 
0.27
 
0.23
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
25.3
 
25.9
 
27.0
 
27.2
 
27.3
 
27.9
 
27.8
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
9.8
 
10.2
 
10.6
 
10.7
 
11.3
 
11.6
 
11.3
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
4.5
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.5
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
7.3
 
7.1
 
7.6
 
7.8
 
7.3
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
26.8
 
26.7
 
27.3
 
27.4
 
27.7
 
28.4
 
28.6
 
28.6
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
20.5
 
21.8
 
21.3
 
21.5
 
21.5
 
21.5
 
20.6
 
21.4
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
21.5
 
21.5
 
20.0
 
21.1
 
20.0
 
19.3
 
21.3
 
21.8
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
11.4
 
22.8
 
-8.1
 
7.3
 
2.1
 
-19.3
 
-5.9
 
10.6
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
201.8
 
248.8
 
266.6
 
246.9
 
238.3
 
207.3
 
198.5
 
220.9
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
213.2
 
271.6
 
258.5
 
254.2
 
240.4
 
188.0
 
192.6
 
231.4
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-5.8
 
-11.4
 
-15.6
 
-17.7
 
-11.9
 
-8.8
 
-4.4
 
-3.2
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
57.7
 
69.5
 
74.2
 
75.6
 
71.0
 
63.7
 
62.4
 
68.4
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
51.9
 
58.1
 
58.6
 
57.9
 
59.1
 
54.9
 
58.0
 
65.1
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.7
 
-3.1
 
-4.3
 
-3.4
 
-3.1
 
-4.6
 
-3.3
 
-2.6
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
449 768
 
418 814
 
476 541
 
456 977
 
446 384
 
390 278
 
401 501
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
527 096
 
554 931
 
615 116
 
568 855
 
561 903
 
535 933
 
576 029
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
36 442
 
58 907
 
59 540
 
56 273
 
40 326
 
19 480
 
48 186
 
42 564
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
19 803
 
1 716
 
7 889
 
1 441
 
307
 
-16 700
 
6 011
 
4 278
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.9
 
3.3
 
1.8
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.8
 
2.4
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.6
 
2.4
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
1.1
 
5.7
 
-3.7
 
0.2
 
2.6
 
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
8.5
 
11.0
 
7.3
 
6.3
 
1.2
 
-7.3
 
-3.3
 
9.4
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
1.9
 
3.4
 
-0.5
 
1.1
 
3.1
 
0.3
 
-0.6
 
3.2
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.37
 
4.88
 
3.38
 
3.70
 
3.66
 
2.71
 
2.34
 
2.64
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
1.50
 
1.51
 
1.54
 
1.45
 
1.45
 
1.47
 
1.45
 
1.44
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
1.09
 
0.97
 
0.97
 
1.04
 
1.11
 
1.33
 
1.35
 
1.30
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
135
 
148
 
157
 
142
 
135
 
125
 
123
 
127
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
127.3
 
128.2
 
126.6
 
126.3
 
125.0
 
125.1
 
129.8
 
132.7
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.14
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
6 677.4
 
6 922.8
 
6 896.4
 
7 663.5
 
7 924.4
 
8 005.4
 
8 287.9
 
8 907.4
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
82.60
 
115.66
 
117.78
 
114.19
 
107.05
 
57.90
 
46.87
 
56.99
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
82.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
83.0
 
..
 
82.4
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
78.9
 
..
 
83.0
 
..
 
85.9
 
..
 
86.1
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
13 842
 
13 702
 
16 351
 
20 133
 
19 364
 
18 222
 
16 814
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
173
 
166
 
159
 
157
 
153
 
151
 
175
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
73
 
76
 
81
 
80
 
75
 
91
 
97
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
13 516
 
13 463
 
13 345
 
13 227
 
13 110
 
13 345
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
611
 
599
 
585
 
571
 
558
 
561
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
389
 
387
 
387
 
383
 
373
 
379
 
392
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
38
 
38
 
41
 
40
 
42
 
43
 
44
 
45
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
9 392
 
9 099
 
8 591
 
9 242
 
9 258
 
9 546
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
10 769
 
11 669
 
11 733
 
12 303
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
16 326
 
16 382
 
16 003
 
18 253
 
19 494
 
20 344
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
8.1
 
7.8
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
7.2
 
6.0
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
11.2
 
11.7
 
12.2
 
13.9
 
13.2
 
13.1
 
12.0
 
11.5
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
60.5
 
60.4
 
59.6
 
58.7
 
57.7
 
58.4
 
58.3
 
58.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.5
 
79.8
 
79.5
 
79.1
 
78.8
 
79.3
 
79.7
 
80.2
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
60.6
 
61.2
 
61.4
 
61.4
 
61.4
 
62.1
 
62.5
 
63.6
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
24.8
 
24.7
 
24.6
 
24.9
 
25.2
 
25.2
 
25.9
 
25.7
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
11.5
 
11.2
 
10.5
 
10.2
 
10.2
 
10.4
 
10.2
 
10.1
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
13.8
 
13.3
 
12.3
 
12.1
 
12.1
 
12.3
 
11.8
 
11.9
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
8.8
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.2
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.2
 
5.7
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
5.1
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.7
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
6.2
 
6.1
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
18.6
 
18.9
 
19.0
 
19.1
 
21.9
 
23.4
 
23.7
 
23.5
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
7.8
 
2.7
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
1.1
 
2.8
 
-0.8
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 700
 
1 699
 
1 692
 
1 690
 
1 683
 
1 683
 
1 672
 
1 676
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
20 592
 
20 726
 
..
 
21 608
 
..
 
20 369
 
..
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
9.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
22 032
 
22 340
 
22 728
 
23 126
 
23 491
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
1.6
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
19.1
 
19.0
 
18.9
 
18.9
 
18.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
13.6
 
13.8
 
14.2
 
14.4
 
14.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
26.7
 
26.9
 
27.3
 
27.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.4
 
5.9
 
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
5.1
 
4.6
 
4.9
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
6.1
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.4
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
6.1
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
81.8
 
82.0
 
82.1
 
82.2
 
82.4
 
82.5
 
82.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
79.5
 
79.7
 
79.9
 
80.1
 
80.3
 
80.4
 
80.4
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
84.0
 
84.2
 
84.3
 
84.3
 
84.4
 
84.5
 
84.6
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.1
 
3.8
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.1
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
63.4
 
..
 
..
 
63.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
10.9
 
10.7
 
11.4
 
11.3
 
12.3
 
12.8
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
442 954
 
449 854
 
e 
483 605
 
e 
518 344
 
573 435
 
613 610
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
296 768
 
300 073
 
303 287
 
305 584
 
307 908
 
311 876
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
61
 
57
 
57
 
51
 
49
 
51
 
54
 
..
 
Last updated: 16 January 2019; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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