1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2009 Country statistical profile: Australia 2009

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Australia 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
524.8
 
552.2
 
584.9
 
622.3
 
655.9
 
696.8
 
742.6
 
794.6
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
27 233
 
28 281
 
29 610
 
31 139
 
32 429
 
33 963
 
35 666
 
37 565
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
26 492
 
27 524
 
28 770
 
30 239
 
31 249
 
32 586
 
34 090
 
..
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.9
 
3.8
 
3.2
 
4.0
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
4.4
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
2.2
 
0.6
 
-2.7
 
-3.2
 
-2.1
 
-0.2
 
0.8
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
22.0
 
22.9
 
24.8
 
25.4
 
25.8
 
27.0
 
26.9
 
27.7
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
-1.2
 
3.9
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
0.9
 
0.1
 
1.2
 
1.6
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
4.9
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.5
 
3.8
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.4
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
4.1
 
3.2
 
-23.5
 
28.2
 
4.1
 
2.9
 
-17.7
 
8.3
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
-0.8
 
3.4
 
5.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
2.3
 
4.1
 
3.5
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
3.5
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
0.9
 
-0.1
 
1.3
 
1.8
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
25.0
 
22.2
 
20.1
 
18.8
 
17.0
 
16.7
 
16.1
 
15.4
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.5
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.7
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.7
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
17.8
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.8
 
17.7
 
17.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.6
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.7
 
3.9
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.27
 
0.25
 
0.26
 
0.25
 
0.25
 
0.25
 
0.30
 
0.32
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
31.1
 
29.6
 
30.5
 
30.6
 
31.1
 
30.8
 
30.6
 
..
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
18.1
 
16.7
 
17.2
 
17.3
 
18.2
 
18.2
 
18.1
 
..
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
8.9
 
8.9
 
9.2
 
9.1
 
8.9
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
..
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
30.6
 
27.3
 
27.7
 
28.0
 
28.0
 
28.3
 
28.3
 
27.7
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
22.5
 
21.1
 
20.4
 
18.8
 
19.9
 
21.0
 
21.2
 
20.7
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-4.0
 
2.4
 
-4.5
 
-14.6
 
-17.3
 
-13.2
 
-9.3
 
-16.8
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
67.8
 
60.9
 
69.5
 
84.8
 
103.8
 
119.0
 
132.7
 
157.8
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
63.8
 
63.3
 
65.0
 
70.2
 
86.4
 
105.8
 
123.3
 
141.0
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
0.9
 
0.7
 
1.2
 
1.8
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.9
 
1.2
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
18.9
 
17.3
 
18.3
 
21.8
 
27.9
 
30.4
 
32.2
 
39.1
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
19.9
 
18.1
 
19.6
 
23.6
 
28.5
 
31.0
 
33.1
 
40.3
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.6
 
-1.9
 
-3.7
 
-5.2
 
-5.9
 
-5.5
 
-5.1
 
-6.1
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
85 385
 
..
 
..
 
161 949
 
204 347
 
178 481
 
227 445
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
111 138
 
..
 
..
 
199 340
 
261 552
 
207 952
 
249 867
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
13 950
 
8 297
 
16 996
 
7 975
 
36 105
 
-35 206
 
18 889
 
23 577
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
3 158
 
11 962
 
7 852
 
16 205
 
10 960
 
-33 438
 
23 816
 
25 689
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.4
 
107.5
 
110.5
 
113.1
 
116.1
 
120.2
 
123.0
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
106.2
 
110.2
 
114.3
 
116.6
 
118.9
 
130.2
 
132.5
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
102.5
 
103.3
 
108.6
 
115.5
 
126.9
 
138.8
 
140.7
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
100.0
 
103.1
 
103.3
 
103.8
 
107.9
 
114.3
 
123.4
 
126.3
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
6.31
 
5.62
 
5.84
 
5.37
 
5.59
 
5.34
 
5.59
 
6.00
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
1.31
 
1.33
 
1.34
 
1.35
 
1.37
 
1.39
 
1.41
 
1.42
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
1.72
 
1.93
 
1.84
 
1.54
 
1.36
 
1.31
 
1.33
 
1.20
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
81
 
77
 
80
 
90
 
98
 
104
 
105
 
114
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
110.6
 
108.4
 
111.6
 
112.8
 
113.1
 
120.7
 
122.5
 
128.2
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
5.74
 
5.55
 
5.65
 
5.65
 
5.60
 
5.90
 
5.90
 
6.15
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.21
 
0.20
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.19
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.19
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
5.9
 
6.1
 
6.2
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
6.0
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
30.79
 
26.61
 
25.80
 
31.24
 
40.93
 
56.71
 
66.71
 
77.13
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
26.0
 
24.7
 
24.2
 
22.9
 
21.4
 
18.9
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
20.8
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
42.0
 
46.0
 
53.0
 
56.0
 
60.0
 
64.0
 
..
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
21 703
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
18 767
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
185
 
187
 
187
 
215
 
231
 
237
 
192
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
37
 
40
 
44
 
44
 
51
 
48
 
54
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
13 200
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
339
 
351
 
360
 
361
 
370
 
387
 
394
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
36
 
42
 
46
 
50
 
47
 
59
 
59
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
27.5
 
29.0
 
30.8
 
31.3
 
30.8
 
31.7
 
33.0
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
62.1
 
61.2
 
61.1
 
61.8
 
62.4
 
63.6
 
63.9
 
64.2
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
76.3
 
76.3
 
76.7
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
78.8
 
79.2
 
80.0
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
46.2
 
46.7
 
48.7
 
50.5
 
52.0
 
53.7
 
55.6
 
56.7
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
24.2
 
24.3
 
24.7
 
23.8
 
24.5
 
24.4
 
24.1
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
14.1
 
13.8
 
13.9
 
13.4
 
13.2
 
12.9
 
12.9
 
12.9
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
16.7
 
16.6
 
16.6
 
16.2
 
15.9
 
15.5
 
15.5
 
15.5
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
10.7
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.0
 
9.9
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
6.3
 
6.7
 
6.4
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
5.1
 
4.8
 
4.4
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
6.5
 
7.1
 
6.6
 
5.9
 
5.3
 
4.9
 
4.7
 
4.1
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
6.2
 
6.5
 
6.2
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
25.5
 
22.0
 
22.3
 
21.3
 
20.5
 
17.7
 
17.8
 
15.5
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
17.4
 
18.0
 
18.3
 
18.6
 
19.7
 
20.3
 
21.2
 
..
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 785
 
1 755
 
1 740
 
1 737
 
1 747
 
1 732
 
1 723
 
1 722
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.51
 
..
 
1.69
 
..
 
1.78
 
..
 
2.01
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.3
 
..
 
7.8
 
..
 
8.4
 
..
 
8.5
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
19 153
 
19 413
 
19 651
 
19 895
 
20 127
 
20 395
 
20 698
 
21 015
 
 
Population growth rates
%
1.2
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
12.4
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.7
 
12.8
 
12.9
 
13.0
 
13.2
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
5.8
 
7.0
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
6.7
 
7.7
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
23.0
 
23.1
 
23.2
 
23.4
 
23.6
 
23.8
 
24.1
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
7.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.7
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
6.6
 
..
 
..
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
4.7
 
3.8
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
6.5
 
5.5
 
5.0
 
4.3
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
5.8
 
..
 
..
 
6.1
 
5.7
 
5.0
 
4.5
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
6.5
 
5.6
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.3
 
79.7
 
80.0
 
80.3
 
80.6
 
80.9
 
81.1
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
76.6
 
77.0
 
77.4
 
77.8
 
78.1
 
78.5
 
78.7
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
82.0
 
82.4
 
82.6
 
82.8
 
83.0
 
83.3
 
83.5
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
5.0
 
4.7
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
7.3
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.6
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
4 530
 
4 435
 
4 420
 
4 354
 
4 774
 
5 020
 
5 064
 
5 644
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
95
 
90
 
87
 
82
 
79
 
81
 
78
 
77
 
Note:  Last updated 6 April 2009
Estimated value
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
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