Circular Public Procurement in the Nordic Countries

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This report provides a framework for circular procurement and discusses its possibilities to promote circular economy. Several best practice examples in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway illustrate how and in which sectors and product groups circular procurement could be applicable. Different approaches to circular procurement and tendering criteria supporting circular aspects are also illustrated.The study was carried out in Nordic cooperation by Finnish Environment Institute, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute and Copenhagen Resource Institute. The project was financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM), administrated by the NCM Sustainable Consumption and Production Working Group and guided by a steering group consisting representatives from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.




Circular Economy (CE) is receiving increasing attention on the policy agendas as a means to overcome unsustainable production and consumption patterns, while allowing economic growth and efficient use of resources. The role of public procurement in promoting circular economy has been recognized important but yet not fully exploited opportunity by cities and municipalities in their transition towards circular societies. Resource efficiency and circular economy is one of the focus areas also in the current working program of the Nordic Council of Ministers Working Group for Sustainable Consumption and Production (HKP).


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