Circular Public Procurement in the Nordic Countries

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This report provides a framework for circular procurement and discusses its possibilities to promote circular economy. Several best practice examples in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway illustrate how and in which sectors and product groups circular procurement could be applicable. Different approaches to circular procurement and tendering criteria supporting circular aspects are also illustrated.The study was carried out in Nordic cooperation by Finnish Environment Institute, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute and Copenhagen Resource Institute. The project was financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM), administrated by the NCM Sustainable Consumption and Production Working Group and guided by a steering group consisting representatives from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.




The circular economy (CE) is receiving increasing attention as a means to overcome unsustainable production and consumption patterns, while allowing for economic growth and the efficient use of resources. CE means that the value of products, materials and resources is maintained in the economy, in circulation, for as long as possible, and the generation of waste is minimised (European Commission, 2015). In recent years, interest towards circular procurement, i.e. promoting CE through procurement, has increased, and the possibilities public procurement has to promote the transition to a circular economy has been considered significant (Ellen MacArthur, 2015a).


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