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Implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries in Asia and the Pacific Region

A Decade of Achievments and Development Challenges 2001-2010

image of Implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries in Asia and the Pacific Region
This publication is addressed to the policy makers and their development partners and other stakeholders to generate constructive dialogues and exchange of information in shaping the future course of action in support of the development aspirations of the Asia-Pacific LDCs. It is a major contribution towards understanding the complex and evolving development challenges and gaps faced by the Asia-Pacific LDCs during 2001-2010. It is hoped that the analyses and policy options offered in this publication will assist the LDC leaders and other stakeholders in sketching a new programme of action by the Fourth UN Conference on LDCs for the benefit of some of the most vulnerable and marginalized countries in the world.

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Promoting food security through sustainable agriculture

The Asia Pacific region is one of the world’s most dynamic areas. Across the region, rapid economic growth has contributed steadily to reducing poverty and improving the level of human development. Between 1990 and 2008, Asia Pacific countries reduced the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day from 1.5 billion to 947 million. More than 550 million people escaped income poverty during this period (ESCAP/ADB/UNDP 2010). It may appear surprising, then, that a region that is on track for the poverty goal under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and has been successfully moving toward achieving several other MDGs should face challenges with something as basic as food. But the reality is that Asia Pacific is still home to millions of people who are food insecure, and children are dying every minute from malnutrition-related causes. As it happens, food insecure people are rarely visible in these countries. These people usually live far from the centres of power and simply struggle on their own to feed their families. Food shortages do occasionally make national headlines, of course, and public discontent with high prices may translate into “food riots.” This happened in 2007 and 2008, when global food prices suddenly soared to very high levels. Apart from such emergencies, however, food generally has a much lower public profile. This is largely because what is known as “food security” represents multi-faceted issues, involving not just agriculture, technology and trade, but also numerous social and political factors.

English

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