Horizons 2030

Equality at the Centre of Sustainable Development

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The world is living a change of era. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals represent the international community’s response to the economic, distributive and environmental imbalances built up under the prevailing development pattern. This document, presented by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) to its member States at its thirty-sixth session, provides an analytical complement to the 2030 Agenda from a structuralist perspective and from the point of view of the Latin American and Caribbean countries. The proposals made here stem from the need to achieve progressive structural change in order to incorporate more knowledge into production, ensure social inclusion and combat the negative impacts of climate change. The reflections and proposals for advancing towards a new development pattern are geared to achieving equality and environmental sustainability. In these proposals, the creation of global and regional public goods and the corresponding domestic policies form the core for expanding the structuralist tradition towards a global Keynesianism and a development strategy centered around an environmental big push.

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An environmental big push for equality and sustainability in development

Achieving the objectives of an equality-centred agenda to the year 2030 will require a change in the style of development along with economic, industrial, social and environmental policies that are aligned with progressive structural change. In this new paradigm, public institutions and policies will focus on an environmental big push geared towards transforming the production structure and strengthening the absorption of technical progress with sustainability and equality. This is the basis for boosting high-quality employment and productivity in ways that will make it possible to craft more and better social policies, sustainably. Although, there is no single model for giving effect to this vision, as it implies transformations determined by the specific features of each country and subregion, this chapter proposes general guidelines for designing long-term strategies and policies.

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