Financing Human Development in Africa, Asia and the Middle East

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This book assesses feasible financing strategies for policymakers to follow in pursuance of human development, taking as reference the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and their achievement by 2015. These strategies are analyzed in the context of broader concerns of economic development with special reference to nine countries from Africa, Asia and the Middle East; that is, how to make macroeconomic policies support more effectively sustained growth while reducing widespread poverty and inequalities and other human development gaps in low- and middle-income countries, especially in times of global economic crises or external shocks. In this sense, this book adds new evidence regarding the social deficits in these countries and suggests policy options to overcome them.




The government of the Republic of Uzbekistan’s commitment to the millennium development goals (MDGs) is a priority of the national development strategy. Goals include halving poverty and the number of underweight children under five between 2000 and 2015. The goal to achieve universal primary education has already been achieved when measured in terms of net enrolment. However, improving the quality of education remains an important challenge. A number of laws and national programmes have been adopted to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment. The country has made tangible progress toward reducing child and maternal mortality, though current trends suggest that the targets would be met only through additional policy efforts and resources targeted to healthcare. Measures taken to protect the environment and to ensure the rational use of natural resources are expected to secure tangible results, reversing environmental damage. Access to safe drinking water and sewage system connections has notably improved for urban and rural households and the 2015 targets are likely to be met.


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