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Assessment of Development Results - Peru

image of Assessment of Development Results - Peru

This evaluation covers the period of two country cooperation frameworks from 2001 to 2005 and from 2006 to 2009. During this period the strategic framework of UNDP in Peru was significantly revised in order to accompany the national democratization process and to respond to the requirements of the Millennium Development Goals. UNDP refocused its programme privileging more substantive support. In a middle income emerging country such as Peru, the evaluation recommends further focusing and deepening the organization’s strategic axes and emphasizing its support to reform of public administration and the civil service system and strengthening the capacity of regional and municipal governments. It also recommends that UNDP further diversify its partnerships and clarify its cooperation strategy with civil society and the private sector and with new emerging partners (global funds and private foundations) in order to strengthen programme sustainability.

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National development context

Peru, which has an area of 1,285,216 sq km, is located in the west of South America and borders the Pacific Ocean. To the north lies Ecuador; to the north-east, Colombia; to the east, Brazil; to the south-east, Bolivia; and to the south, Chile. On its territory are ecosystems recognized world-wide for their great diversity, such as the cold sea of the Peruvian Current, the dry forests on the north coast, the high forests, and the tropical Amazonian forests, where the diversity of species is the greatest. Peru has 69 million hectares of forests, and is the second country in Latin America and the fourth world-wide for tropical forests. The foggy forests, on the Eastern Andean slopes, are of enormous importance for world-wide biodiversity and the stability of the Amazonian river basin. The Peruvian sea is one of the most important fishing grounds on the planet. The country also has great mining wealth, including copper, silver, gold, petroleum, natural gas and coal, and a great potential for the generation of hydroelectric energy.

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