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2008年关于工业统计的国际建议

image of 2008年关于工业统计的国际建议

The present publication is a component of the United Nations Statistics Division initiative for strengthening countries methodological and operational foundation for industrial statistics. Although this publication makes recommendations for industrial statistics, many elements of its recommendations, like those for the definition and delineation of statistical units and its guidance on a data-collection strategy and data compilation practices, are generally applicable to the development of an integrated economic statistics system for business statistics in general, with a view to collecting, compiling and reporting basic economic data across economic activities, in the most cost-efficient manner, consistent with macroeconomic statistics. This publication is designed to provide a comprehensive methodological framework for the collection and reporting of industrial statistics in all countries, irrespective of the level of development of their statistical systems.

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第 六 章 数据来源和编纂方法

为了提供所需要的数据输出,统计办公室向作为生产者、消费者和 投资者、收入赚取者的机构单位,如公司、政府单位、住户和为住户服务的非 营利机构收集基本数据并对这些数据进行转换。收集经济数据的基本机制有两 项:(a)确保能够获得已在收集的行政数据以及(b)由统计办公室直接进行 调查。但是,无论对于哪种机制,数据的原始提供者都相同,即机构单位;数 据的原始来源也相同,即这些单位保留的记录。

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