Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries

Mind the Gap

image of Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries

Many governments in developing countries are realising that good quality jobs matter for development. However, little attention has been paid so far to explore what actually matters for young people in terms of job characteristics and employment conditions. Today, in many developing and emerging countries, a key development challenge is that existing jobs do not live up to youth aspirations.

This study revisits youth labour market performance and the quality of jobs in developing countries. It places youth employment preferences at the forefront and answers the following questions. What is the nature of youth careers aspirations and job-related drivers of job satisfaction? What shapes such employment preferences? How likely will young people be able to meet their job aspirations? What policy makers can do to reduce the gap between youth preferences and the reality of jobs?

The study draws on the comprehensive data from school-to-work transition surveys in 32 developing and transition countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. It suggests a number of priority areas for policy makers to enhance youth well-being, raise labour productivity, and contain the chilling effects that unmet youth aspirations can generate on society.



Insights into youth career aspirations in developing countries

OECD Development Centre

“What would you like to do when you grow up?” is a simple, commonly asked question. Whether or not youth career aspirations are fulfilled can provide insights into youth well-being. This chapter places youth employment preferences at the forefront and asks two crucial questions: What is the nature of youth career aspirations? And what shapes such preferences? The chapter begins by exploring in detail the sectors of activity and types of occupations that appeal to students aged 15-29 in 32 developing countries. It then investigates how various socio-economic characteristics of young people may shape such aspirations.


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