Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries

Mind the Gap

image of Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries

Many governments in developing countries are realising that good quality jobs matter for development. However, little attention has been paid so far to explore what actually matters for young people in terms of job characteristics and employment conditions. Today, in many developing and emerging countries, a key development challenge is that existing jobs do not live up to youth aspirations.

This study revisits youth labour market performance and the quality of jobs in developing countries. It places youth employment preferences at the forefront and answers the following questions. What is the nature of youth careers aspirations and job-related drivers of job satisfaction? What shapes such employment preferences? How likely will young people be able to meet their job aspirations? What policy makers can do to reduce the gap between youth preferences and the reality of jobs?

The study draws on the comprehensive data from school-to-work transition surveys in 32 developing and transition countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. It suggests a number of priority areas for policy makers to enhance youth well-being, raise labour productivity, and contain the chilling effects that unmet youth aspirations can generate on society.



From Youth Employment Preferences to Jobs Reality in Developing Countries

OECD Development Centre

Accounts of well-being based on preference satisfaction or desire fulfilment say that people experience greater well-being to the extent that their preferences are satisfied or their desires are fulfilled. This chapter considers two aspects of subjective well-being in the sense of preference satisfaction that were discussed earlier: youth career aspirations and facets of job satisfaction. It then asks a simple question: How likely are these employment preferences to be satisfied given the reality of jobs in developing countries? The chapter starts by confronting youth employment preferences with realistic employment prospects. It then discusses the implications that a large gap in youth employment preference may have for public policy.


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