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Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries

Mind the Gap

image of Youth Aspirations and the Reality of Jobs in Developing Countries

Many governments in developing countries are realising that good quality jobs matter for development. However, little attention has been paid so far to explore what actually matters for young people in terms of job characteristics and employment conditions. Today, in many developing and emerging countries, a key development challenge is that existing jobs do not live up to youth aspirations.

This study revisits youth labour market performance and the quality of jobs in developing countries. It places youth employment preferences at the forefront and answers the following questions. What is the nature of youth careers aspirations and job-related drivers of job satisfaction? What shapes such employment preferences? How likely will young people be able to meet their job aspirations? What policy makers can do to reduce the gap between youth preferences and the reality of jobs?

The study draws on the comprehensive data from school-to-work transition surveys in 32 developing and transition countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. It suggests a number of priority areas for policy makers to enhance youth well-being, raise labour productivity, and contain the chilling effects that unmet youth aspirations can generate on society.

English

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Assessment and policy recommendations

OECD Development Centre

Policy makers across the world are preoccupied with the great challenge of helping millions of young people find decent work, as conveyed in Goal 8 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The challenge is particularly daunting in developing countries where, in the face of large informal labour markets and weak enforcement of labour standards, many young people are obliged to take low-quality jobs for their very survival and end up as the working poor. This has led many governments in developing countries to realise that good jobs matter for development and that dedicated efforts are needed to boost the quality of jobs and make work pay. It is striking, however, how little attention has been paid so far to exploring what actually matters for young people in terms of job characteristics and employment conditions. Today, in many developing and emerging countries, a key development challenge is that existing jobs do not live up to youth aspirations.

English

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