OECD Development Centre Working Papers

The OECD Development Centre links OECD members with developing and emerging economies and fosters debate and discussion to seek creative policy solutions to emerging global issues and development challenges. This series of working papers is intended to disseminate the OECD Development Centre’s research findings rapidly among specialists in the field concerned. These papers are generally available in the original English or French, with a summary in the other language.

English, French

Une estimation de la pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne d'après les données anthropométriques

This Technical Paper reports on the first assessments of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa based on anthropometric data collected in 19 countries for the Demographic and Health Surveys. The poverty studied is absolute poverty, which can be defined as the inability of a family to meet sufficient consumption levels to maintain a satisfactory state of health and normal growth of its children in order to avoid serious malnutrition. (The other two concepts of poverty, relative poverty and subjective poverty, are not used in this study). Statistically, any child under five years of age whose height (or weight) is more than two standard deviations below median height in developed countries is considered to be suffering from serious malnutrition. The percentages of children with serious malnutrition (and thereby of families classed as below the threshold of absolute poverty) range from, roughly, 15-20 per cent in mediumincome countries (Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe) to more than 50 per ...


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