The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2018

Interim Assessment of Key SME Reforms

image of The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2018

This report provides an in-depth analysis of major reforms undertaken between 2014 and 2018 to promote micro, small and medium-sized enterprise development in Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority and Tunisia. The report focuses on five strategic areas for SME policy making: SME definitions, statistics and institutions; improving business environments for SMEs and entrepreneurs; fostering access to finance; nurturing start-ups and SME growth; and the development of entrepreneurial human capital.

The report aims to showcase good practices and to point to areas where more efforts are needed. It provides valuable guidance for governments, private sector organisations, multilateral bodies and other stakeholders to intensify their efforts to support SMEs as essential vehicles for jobs and competitiveness. This is particularly relevant in a region striving to boost economic diversification, employment creation and the inclusion of youth and women in the economy.

The report is the result of a process of close collaboration among governments, the OECD, the European Training Foundation and the European Commission.

English Arabic, French


Scope of the report

This interim assessment is not a full update of the 2014 SME Policy Index, which includes ten policy areas and more than 100 policy indicators (see Box 1). OECD, European Commission, ETF. 2014. SME Policy Index for The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2014: Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe (Paris: OECD Publishing). http://www.etf.europa.eu/web.nsf/pages/SME_Policy_Index_MENA_2014. Rather, it consists of an overview of the progress made by MED economies with respect to the implementation of key reforms identified in 2014.

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