Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility

Policy Guidance

image of Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility

Functioning states are essential for reducing poverty, sustaining peace and achieving agreed development goals. Despite receiving growing international attention in recent years, fragile states are falling behind other low-income countries in human development. Fragility – and its negative consequences – can destabilise entire regions and have global repercussions. Tackling the challenges associated with fragility requires a concerted international effort to support sustainable statebuilding processes, based on robust state-society relations.

Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility: Policy Guidance presents new thinking on statebuilding and clear recommendations for better practice. It provides an internationally accepted conceptual framework for statebuilding, informed by today’s realities of conflict-affected and fragile situations. Building on good practices already being successfully applied on the ground, this guidance lays out how developing and developed countries can better facilitate positive statebuilding processes and strengthen the foundations upon which capable and legitimate states are built. The recommendations in this guidance address critical areas for better international engagement from strategy development and programme design and delivery to day-to-day operations in the field and at headquarters.

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This policy guidance is the result of a collaborative effort by members of the DAC International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF). The process of preparing the guidance was led by Stephan Massing (OECD DAC Secretariat) under the overall guidance of Bella Bird and Alastair J. McKechnie (Co-Chairs of the INCAF Task Team on Peacebuilding, Statebuilding and Security) and under the supervision of Alexandra Trzeciak-Duval at the OECD Secretariat. The policy guidance is based on a draft prepared by Alison Evans (Overseas Development Institute) with support from Pilar Domingo, Leni Wild and Geraldine Baudienville. Peter Batchelor, Bella Bird, Alastair J. McKechnie, Michael Koros, Stephan Massing, Eugenia Piza-Lopez and Tjip Walker contributed to the elaboration of key policy messages and recommendations. Invaluable contributions to finalising the guidance were made by Sue Unsworth (the Policy Practice), Dan Smith (International Alert) and Heather Baser.

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