States of Fragility 2018

image of States of Fragility 2018

Three years into the 2030 Agenda it is already apparent that those living in fragile contexts are the furthest behind. Not all forms of fragility make it to the public’s eye: fragility is an intricate beast, sometimes exposed, often lurking underneath, but always holding progress back. Conflict, forced displacement, violent extremism, famine etc. are all causes and consequences of fragility. Hence the need to better understand, anticipate and respond to fragility.

States of Fragility 2018 exposes the critical challenge posed by fragility in achieving the aspirations of the 2030 Agenda, sustainable development and peace. It highlights twelve key aspects of fragility, defying common assumptions and simplistic categorisation. It documents progress made in fragile situations on attaining sustainable development, unveiling exit doors from the fragility trap. It then illustrates the current state of financing to address fragility and suggests more effective approaches, accounting for its multidimensionality.

Above all, the report aims to strike a balance between fragility's inherent complexity and the degree of simplicity that is required for efficient policy and decision making, namely through systems-based thinking; longer-term, consistent aid plans; the financing of peace; and a persistent focus on human beings.

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What official development assistance went to fragile contexts?

This chapter provides an overview of official development assistance (ODA) to fragile contexts, looks at who is providing it, where it is spent and how it is spent. It examines the mounting significance of humanitarian assistance in fragile contexts, especially extremely fragile contexts, and how it affects the development finance landscape. The chapter also looks at the distribution of aid among different fragile contexts and among sectors, highlighting the concentration of ODA in a limited number of aid darlings. It concludes with a review of donor engagement in fragile contexts by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and by non-DAC members and the channels of delivery for aid to fragile and extremely fragile contexts.

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