Southeast Asian Economic Outlook 2013

With Perspectives on China and India

image of Southeast Asian Economic Outlook 2013

This edition of the Southeast Asian Economic Outlook examines medium-term growth prospects, recent macroeconomic policy challenges, and structural challenges including human capital, infrastructure and SME development.  It also looks at economic disparities “between” and “within” countries in the region.  It provides coverage for Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam.

While solid growth is forecast to continue until 2017, countries must address structural issues in order to sustain this favourable outlook. Narrowing development gaps presents one of the region’s most important challenges.



Overview of development gaps in Southeast Asia: Gaps between ASEAN -6 and CLM V countries

OECD Development Centre

Narrowing social disparities and economic development gaps between countries are key challenges facing ASEAN as it works towards its endgoal of an ASEAN Economic Community by 2015. Member countries differ in their levels of development, political systems, investment environments and economic structures. Their domestic agendas also often take precedence over regional integration. This chapter is designed to provide direction and focus for policy makers at the regional and country level. Accordingly, it examines the development differences and disparities in ASEAN, particularly between the prosperous, more highly developed group of countries (the ASEAN-6) and the more recent, less developed member countries of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam (CLMV). To that end it uses the Narrowing Development Gaps Indicator (NDGI), recently designed by the OECD Development Centre and the ASEAN Secretariat to measure progress, or lack thereof, in closing development gaps between countries and over time. The NDGI encompasses six policy areas – infrastructure, human resource development, information and communication technology (ICT), trade and investment (regional economic integration), tourism and poverty. The first, introductory, section of this chapter offers an overview of the social and economic development gaps that ASEAN must narrow before it can achieve full integration. It describes how the NDGIs were built and how they are used. The second section looks at development gaps in each policy area, considers government action to date, and suggests new and additional measures that should be taken. The third section concludes.


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