Social Protection System Review

A Toolkit

image of Social Protection System Review

The positive impacts of social protection on reducing poverty and inequality and contributing to development are well evidenced. Establishing an integrated system facilitates the provision of a social protection floor, whereby individuals are appropriately protected throughout the life cycle. This is achieved not only by making sure there is a sufficient range of programmes to cover a population’s risk profile but also by sharing information on different individuals to ensure they are linked to an appropriate programme.

The Social Protection System Review is one of a small number of tools that serve to analyse how effective a country is in establishing a social protection system that responds to the needs of its people both today and in the future. The toolkit presents methodologies which can be implemented in any country, at any income level and by any institution. It is intended to generate policy recommendations that are actionable through national systems.

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OECD Development Centre

Amid a global proliferation of social protection schemes in the 21st century, a number of countries are attempting to weave individual schemes into comprehensive and coherent systems. This approach is in line with Sustainable Development Goals Target 1.3 to “implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all”. The systems-building process usually begins with formulating a social protection policy, which lays out a vision for integrating various schemes and achieving better coverage. As of 2015, 77 developing countries had a social protection policy or strategy in place, while 31 countries were planning or formulating one (Honorati, Gentilini and Yemtsov, 2015[1]).

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