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Social Protection System Review

A Toolkit

image of Social Protection System Review

The positive impacts of social protection on reducing poverty and inequality and contributing to development are well evidenced. Establishing an integrated system facilitates the provision of a social protection floor, whereby individuals are appropriately protected throughout the life cycle. This is achieved not only by making sure there is a sufficient range of programmes to cover a population’s risk profile but also by sharing information on different individuals to ensure they are linked to an appropriate programme.

The Social Protection System Review is one of a small number of tools that serve to analyse how effective a country is in establishing a social protection system that responds to the needs of its people both today and in the future. The toolkit presents methodologies which can be implemented in any country, at any income level and by any institution. It is intended to generate policy recommendations that are actionable through national systems.

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Executive summary

OECD Development Centre

The proliferation of social protection schemes has prompted a number of countries to attempt to weave individual schemes into comprehensive and coherent social protection systems. This approach is in line with Target 1.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals: ‘To implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all’. The systems-building process usually begins with the formulation of a social protection policy, which lays out a vision for integrating different schemes and achieving better coverage. While there is variation across countries, the term social protection system usually refers to a framework whereby the three pillars of social protection – social assistance, social insurance and labour market programmes – are integrated or (at a minimum) co-ordinated. Integration usually involves creating linkages between different programmes under each pillar of the social protection system, for example, combining different food security transfers within the social assistance pillar.

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