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SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2016

Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

image of SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2016

The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool designed for emerging economies to assess SME policy frameworks and monitor progress in policy implementation over time. The Index has been developed by the OECD in partnership with the European Commission (EC), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the European Training Foundation (ETF) in 2006 for the Western Balkans. The South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL) joined as an additional partner in 2014. The SME Policy Index has since 2006 been applied in four regions and nine assessment rounds overall.

The SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2016 presents the results of the fourth assessment of the Small Business Act for Europe in the Western Balkans and, since 2012, Turkey. The assessment framework is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA). It provides a wide-range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies based on good practices promoted by the EU and the OECD.

The Index identifies strengths and weaknesses in policy design, implementation and monitoring. It allows for comparison across countries and measures convergence towards good practices and relevant policy standards. It aims to support governments in setting targets for SME policy development and to identify strategic priorities to further improve the business environment. It also helps to engage governments in policy dialogue and exchange good practices within the region and with OECD and EU members.

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SMEs in a green economy (Dimension 9) in the Western Balkans and Turkey

Enable SMEs to turn environmental challenges into opportunities (Small Business Act Principle 9)

Policy makers are becoming increasingly concerned about how to achieve sustained economic growth without harming the environment. As SMEs often account for a large proportion of all enterprises within an economy, policy makers throughout the world are working to design policies which help them transition towards environmentally friendly and sustainable practices. Sound environmental policies should also offer environmentally innovative SMEs incentives to develop eco-friendly products or processes. The economies of the Western Balkans and Turkey have made little progress in targeting green policies at SMEs, often exhibiting a disconnection between their environment policies and SME development. The lack of information and tools on environmental issues makes it hard for SMEs to adopt environmentally friendly practices. Moreover, policy makers have limited resources to offer regulatory and financial incentives to help SMEs with the greening of their enterprises.

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