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SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2016

Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

image of SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2016

The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool designed for emerging economies to assess SME policy frameworks and monitor progress in policy implementation over time. The Index has been developed by the OECD in partnership with the European Commission (EC), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the European Training Foundation (ETF) in 2006 for the Western Balkans. The South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL) joined as an additional partner in 2014. The SME Policy Index has since 2006 been applied in four regions and nine assessment rounds overall.

The SME Policy Index: Western Balkans and Turkey 2016 presents the results of the fourth assessment of the Small Business Act for Europe in the Western Balkans and, since 2012, Turkey. The assessment framework is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA). It provides a wide-range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies based on good practices promoted by the EU and the OECD.

The Index identifies strengths and weaknesses in policy design, implementation and monitoring. It allows for comparison across countries and measures convergence towards good practices and relevant policy standards. It aims to support governments in setting targets for SME policy development and to identify strategic priorities to further improve the business environment. It also helps to engage governments in policy dialogue and exchange good practices within the region and with OECD and EU members.

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2016 SME Policy Index scores for the Western Balkans and Turkey

The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool (Box 0.1) to help emerging economies monitor and evaluate progress in policies that support small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The index was developed in 2006 by the OECD in partnership with the European Commission, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the European Training Foundation (ETF). The South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL) joined the SBA assessment in 2015 (these make up the “partner organisations”; see Annex C). It has been applied to several regions which fall under the Enlargement Policy and the European Neighbourhood Policy: the Western Balkans (in 2006, 2009 and 2012, when Turkey was included for the first time); the Easter Partner (EaP) economies (in 2012 and 2016); and the Middle East and North Africa (in 2008 and 2014). In addition, the SME Policy Index framework and methodology were adapted and applied in the ten Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries for the first time in 2014 (in co-operation with the ASEAN Secretariat and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia)...

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