Road and Rail Infrastructure in Asia

Investing in Quality

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Road and Rail Infrastructure in Asia: Investing in Quality discusses the challenges facing the region and possible policy options, including those previously or currently used in Emerging Asian countries, with reference to the experiences of OECD member countries. It provides analysis and recommendations for the region’s policy makers to consider in their efforts to improve the quality of infrastructure. In particular, it highlights the importance of considering the spill-over effects of infrastructure in investment decisions. A comprehensive infrastructure impact evaluation does not simply consider the financial feasibility of an individual project, but attempts to judge the full extent of the externalities of planned investments, looking at the positive and negative economic, social and environmental effects over different time periods. The report first presents project case studies, illustrating how policy makers have incorporated the principles of quality infrastructure. It then examines the local economic impact of infrastructure, the role of local governments in infrastructure development and the benefits and challenges of their involvement. It then goes on to discuss different infrastructure financing options including funding from public and private sectors, as well as public-private partnerships, and concludes with a focus on fostering improved alignment between national development strategies and infrastructure planning.



Bringing development strategies and infrastructure planning into closer alignment: A special focus on the case of Viet Nam

OECD Development Centre

The quality of infrastructure cannot be judged entirely in isolation, and also requires that projects complement broader development strategies where they are implemented. However, weak public investment management systems can lead to investments that are less fiscally sustainable and unlikely to make effective contributions to growth and development. Similarly, appraisal systems are critical in identifying quality infrastructure projects, as are institutions for infrastructure governance. Viet Nam, which has adopted many principles of quality infrastructure through its planning system, offers an interesting case study, though further work could be done to strengthen the connections between socio-economic development plans and transport planning. Detailed budgeting, time-specific targets, and clearer criteria, could be helpful in addressing these challenges.


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