Policy Coherence for Development 2007

Migration and Developing Countries

image of Policy Coherence for Development 2007

This edition of the Development Centre's annual report on policy coherence focuses on migration. The book examines the costs and benefits of migration for developing countries and how these flows can be better organised to yield greater benefits for all parties concerned -- migrant-sending countries, migrant-receiving countries, and the migrants themselves. It takes stock of what we know about the effects of migration on development, and distills from that knowledge a set of policy recommendations for sending and receiving countries alike. It draws on a large number of country and regional case studies co-ordinated by the OECD Development Centre to illustrate the mechanisms that link migration and development: labour-market effects, brain drain, remittances, diaspora networks and return migration.

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What Role for OECD Country Migration Policies?

OECD Development Centre

Improving the management of migration requires that sending and receiving countries enter into sustainable partnerships. For this to happen, migrant-receiving countries in the OECD need to look at their migration-related policies through a development lens and consider the consequences for development of migrants’ home countries. The design and implementation of migration policy and of development co-operation must be interlinked better to achieve the aims of both. More coherent policies can help transform a brain drain into brain gain and increase the benefits for sending countries from the mobility of the low-skilled. These policies must exploit the potential of circular migration as well as address the challenges of irregular migration.

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