Policy Coherence for Development 2007

Migration and Developing Countries

image of Policy Coherence for Development 2007

This edition of the Development Centre's annual report on policy coherence focuses on migration. The book examines the costs and benefits of migration for developing countries and how these flows can be better organised to yield greater benefits for all parties concerned -- migrant-sending countries, migrant-receiving countries, and the migrants themselves. It takes stock of what we know about the effects of migration on development, and distills from that knowledge a set of policy recommendations for sending and receiving countries alike. It draws on a large number of country and regional case studies co-ordinated by the OECD Development Centre to illustrate the mechanisms that link migration and development: labour-market effects, brain drain, remittances, diaspora networks and return migration.

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Interlinkages between Migration, Trade and Aid

OECD Development Centre

Various policy instruments – migration and development-assistance policies, but also trade polices – are interrelated and the flows to which they give rise – migrants, remittances, aid spending, exports and imports – are likewise interlinked. Looking more closely at these policies, exploiting synergies and avoiding the emergence of “coherence orphans” (i.e. countries that receive aid but do not benefit from any of the other flows) can more effectively achieve global poverty-reduction goals. Trade benefits flow more to middle-income countries where most low-skill migrants originate and aid flows to lower-income countries which suffer most from brain drain. The relationships among these flows present a strong case for more coherent decision making among the corresponding policy communities.

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