Policy Coherence for Development 2007

Migration and Developing Countries

image of Policy Coherence for Development 2007

This edition of the Development Centre's annual report on policy coherence focuses on migration. The book examines the costs and benefits of migration for developing countries and how these flows can be better organised to yield greater benefits for all parties concerned -- migrant-sending countries, migrant-receiving countries, and the migrants themselves. It takes stock of what we know about the effects of migration on development, and distills from that knowledge a set of policy recommendations for sending and receiving countries alike. It draws on a large number of country and regional case studies co-ordinated by the OECD Development Centre to illustrate the mechanisms that link migration and development: labour-market effects, brain drain, remittances, diaspora networks and return migration.

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Integrating International Migration into Development Strategies

OECD Development Centre

Migrant-sending countries are encouraged to look at their national development policies through a migration lens. Sending countries must address their regulatory frameworks and ask whether their macroeconomic policies, human resource management, higher education, infrastructure investment and “South-South” regional initiatives facilitate adjustment and the redeployment of their human resources in the face of increased mobility, as well as harnessing migrants’ skills for development. Both migrants and returnees must be consulted in the formulation of co-development policy. Various initiatives exist such as ensuring that the highly trained return, that returnees benefit, that they are gainfully employed and that they participate in the social and economic development of their communities.

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