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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Switzerland 2019

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Switzerland 2019

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

This review assesses the performance of Switzerland including its strategic support to multilateralism in order to tackle global goods and challenges, its comprehensive vision for development and partnerships and the current pressure on development and humanitarian programmes.

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Switzerland’s financing for development

This chapter considers how international and national commitments drive the volume and allocations of Switzerland’s official development assistance (ODA). It also explores Switzerland’s other financing efforts in support of the 2030 Agenda.Switzerland increased its budget for official development assistance (ODA) between 2014 and 2016, fulfilling the objective set in 2011 by the Swiss Parliament to reach 0.5% of its gross national income (GNI) to ODA. However, the 2017-20 Dispatch departs from this target and ODA dropped considerably in 2017.The impact of Swiss ODA may be weakened by a geographically and thematically dispersed programme. Despite increased budgets committed to gender equality and the environment, funding for cross-cutting issues remains below the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) average.Non-governmental and multilateral organisations are key partners for Switzerland. Switzerland is a strong supporter of non-governmental organisations (NGO) as actors in their own right, but thus far limits core contributions to Swiss and international NGOs. Allocations to multilateral organisations are focused and predictable, and reflect Switzerland’s multilateral strategy. Considering the balance between core contributions to multilateral partners and bilateral co‑operation implemented by multilateral partners would help Switzerland assess whether its approach still contributes to an effective multilateral system.Switzerland uses ODA to leverage development finance by strengthening countries’ capacities to mobilise domestic resources, promoting impact investment and seeking partnerships with the private sector.

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