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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Switzerland 2019

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Switzerland 2019

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

This review assesses the performance of Switzerland including its strategic support to multilateralism in order to tackle global goods and challenges, its comprehensive vision for development and partnerships and the current pressure on development and humanitarian programmes.

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Context of the peer review of Switzerland

Direct democracy and decentralisation are key features of the Swiss Confederation. For instance, citizens can call for referenda on new laws or international treaties. As a federal state, Switzerland’s state powers are divided between the Confederation, cantons and communes. The Federal Council is Switzerland’s executive power and functions as a collective head of state with an annual rotating president. It is made up of the four main parties in the Swiss Parliament: the left-wing Social Democratic Party, the right-wing Swiss People’s Party, the right-of-centre Free Democratic Party and the centre-right Christian Democratic Party. The next federal election will be held in 2019, after which the Parliament will vote on the members of the Federal Council. The composition of the Federal Council is expected to remain unchanged, as incumbent ministers tend to be reconfirmed until they choose to step down.

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