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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Greece 2019

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Greece 2019

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.



Since its last peer review, a severe economic recession brought about significant cuts to Greece’s national budget – including official development assistance. However, Greece has maintained its commitment to development co-operation. In response to the refugee and migration crisis Greece mobilised resources and its population to provide significant support to asylum seekers and refugees, and adapted its domestic policies to create conditions for peaceful co-existence between refugees, asylum seekers and the Greek population. As the economy recovers and Greece considers stepping up its development co-operation, this review recommends a number of steps that the government might take including building a new vision for development co-operation and putting in place the structures and systems to achieve it.

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The DAC's main findings and recommendations

Greece seeks to resolve challenges facing the Mediterranean, Southeast Europe and the Middle East, and advocates for a safe marine environment in the Eastern Mediterranean. The government wants to adopt a fairer, more sustainable development approach and will reflect the Sustainable Development Goals in its national development strategy.Greece experienced two crises since the last peer review of its development co-operation: a severe economic recession resulting in significant cuts to the national budget, including official development assistance (ODA); and an ongoing refugee and migration crisis.Greece maintained its commitment to development co-operation during the economic and migration crises. It met its commitments to European Union institutions and other multilateral organisations. It also mobilised resources and people to provide significant support to asylum seekers and refugees, and adapted its domestic policies to create conditions for peaceful co-existence between refugees, asylum seekers and the Greek population.As the economy recovers, the government needs to take a number of steps to improve Greek development co-operation. Build a new vision for development that is supported by stakeholders with a keen interest in development, such as civil society organisations, the private sector and academics, and by the broader public. Update the law governing development co-operation and create a focused, whole-of-government approach, including to Greece’s multilateral partners. Determine its comparative advantage in a particular sector of humanitarian response. Restructure the Directorate General of International Development Cooperation-Hellenic Aid to meet its policy, programming and corporate objectives. Document the results achieved with ODA. Establish an evaluation unit and more efficient and effective systems to manage Greek ODA.

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