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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Greece 2019

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Greece 2019

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.



Since its last peer review, a severe economic recession brought about significant cuts to Greece’s national budget – including official development assistance. However, Greece has maintained its commitment to development co-operation. In response to the refugee and migration crisis Greece mobilised resources and its population to provide significant support to asylum seekers and refugees, and adapted its domestic policies to create conditions for peaceful co-existence between refugees, asylum seekers and the Greek population. As the economy recovers and Greece considers stepping up its development co-operation, this review recommends a number of steps that the government might take including building a new vision for development co-operation and putting in place the structures and systems to achieve it.

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Greece's policy vision and framework

This chapter assesses the extent to which clear political directives, policies and strategies shape Greece’s development co-operation and are in line with international commitments, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. While the 2030 Agenda and the European Consensus on Development frame Greece’s approach to development co‑operation, it lacks a vision to guide its efforts. Once conditions improve, Greece should consider updating its legislation and introducing a strategy covering all actors in development co‑operation, focusing on its comparative advantage in a few selected countries. Greece could draw on its domestic experience with environmental protection and gender equality to develop guidance on mainstreaming cross-cutting issues. Despite the lack of funding opportunities, the Directorate General of International Development Cooperation-Hellenic Aid could engage stakeholders in a regular dialogue about Greece’s development co-operation, and its approach to regional and global issues.

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