OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Greece 2019

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Greece 2019

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

Since its last peer review, a severe economic recession brought about significant cuts to Greece’s national budget – including official development assistance. However, Greece has maintained its commitment to development co-operation. In response to the refugee and migration crisis Greece mobilised resources and its population to provide significant support to asylum seekers and refugees, and adapted its domestic policies to create conditions for peaceful co-existence between refugees, asylum seekers and the Greek population. As the economy recovers and Greece considers stepping up its development co-operation, this review recommends a number of steps that the government might take including building a new vision for development co-operation and putting in place the structures and systems to achieve it.



Greece's humanitarian assistance

This chapter looks at how Greece minimises the impact of shocks and crises, as well as how it works to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity in crisis and disaster settings. Over the review period, Greek humanitarian aid was limited to one-off assistance and has now almost completely stalled. Despite this, Greece is involved in global and European policy fora to promote more effective humanitarian aid. The Directorate General of International Development Cooperation-Hellenic Aid could use this time to reflect on how Greece could build a distinctive humanitarian comparative advantage in order to make a meaningful contribution when it is able to reactivate its bilateral humanitarian aid. Greece will have to strengthen its own capacity, including in civil protection. It will also need to reinforce its partnerships, notably with its own civil society, which has gained deep humanitarian experience while responding to the crises.


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