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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: European Union 2018

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: European Union 2018

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

Among other issues, this review looks at how the European Union has shown leadership in forging global agreements on sustainable development and climate change, and suggests the enhancement of a whole of EU approach in focusing on poverty reduction and countries that are most in need.

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The European Union's humanitarian assistance

The European Union has been able to respond to an increased number of complex crises in a pragmatic and flexible way, adapting to both protracted and sudden crises. Based on solid policy leadership and thorough expertise, including in the field, the EU is shaping humanitarian policies and practice well beyond the EU actors and member states. However, as with many DAC members, the EU’s humanitarian instrument also deals with issues and root causes that could be better addressed with structural funds. DG DEVCO and EEAS could further draw on DG ECHO’s mechanisms to improve the disbursement speed and flexibility of development instruments that can effectively deliver long-term solutions to drivers of crises rather than employing DG ECHO’s humanitarian instrument over prolonged periods of time.

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