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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Belgium 2020

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Belgium 2020

The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members once every five to six years. DAC peer reviews critically examine the overall performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, covering its policy, programmes and systems. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation activities of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian assistance.

Belgium is a powerful voice for the cause of the least developed countries and fragile contexts, and a strong humanitarian partner. Committed to the principles of partnership, it empowers multilateral, civil society and private sector organisations to achieve their mandates. As Belgium emerges from a period of institutional reforms, this peer review provides recommendations to strengthen the management of its development co-operation policy. It also advises on how to take advantage of recent changes to reinforce the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, and improve the management of human resources.

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Belgium’s structure and systems

This chapter considers whether Belgium’s institutional arrangements support its development co-operation objectives. It focuses on the system as a whole and assesses whether Belgium has the necessary capabilities in place to deliver its development co-operation effectively and to contribute to sustainable development.The chapter looks at authority, mandate and co-ordination to assess whether responsibility for development co-operation is clearly defined. It further explores whether the system is well co-ordinated and led with clear, complementary mandates as part of a whole-of-government approach at headquarters and in partner countries and territories. Focusing on systems, the chapter further assesses whether Belgium has clear and relevant processes and mechanisms in place. Finally, it looks at capacity across Belgium’s development co-operation system – in particular whether Belgium has the necessary skills and knowledge where needed, to manage and deliver its development co-operation – and at the effectiveness of its human resources management system.

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