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OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Australia 2013

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Australia 2013

The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

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Allocating Australia's official development assistance

The Australian Government is committed to the goal of giving 0.5% of its gross national income as ODA and continues to scale up its aid to meet this goal. In 2011, Australia was the ninth largest DAC donor, delivering USD 4.98 billion in official development assistance. In real terms, this represents a very positive 29% increase in ODA since 2007. Regrettably, and despite the economy’s positive medium-term outlook, Australia has pushed back the target date for reaching this goal from 2015/16 to 2016/17. Its decision to use AUD 375 million of the aid budget for in-country refugee costs has also resulted in a significant reallocation of AusAID’s regular programming. It is important that Australia is transparent about what refugee costs will be counted as ODA over the coming years and how they are calculated, while avoiding future in-year reprogramming of the aid programme to ensure predictability.

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