Multilateral Development Finance

Towards a New Pact on Multilateralism to Achieve the 2030 Agenda Together

image of Multilateral Development Finance

This report contributes to the broader international debate on why we need multilateralism and how to make it more effective to achieve the 2030 Agenda. At a time when the value of multilateralism is being questioned, the report provides new evidence and recommendations for a new “pact” on multilateralism. This pact would be founded on recognition of the mutual responsibility of sovereign states and multilateral institutions to create a stronger, more effective multilateral system.

The report offers a detailed overview of official development assistance (ODA) spending through the multilateral system. This year’s edition introduces three innovations. First, it examines the growing role of China, other sovereign states, philanthropy and the private sector as funders of multilateral organisations. Second, it analyses concessional and non-concessional spending by multilateral institutions, and discusses how multilateral action needs to adapt to the new development agenda. Third, it presents a new multi-dimensional metrics to measure the quality of multilateral funding, using financing to the World Health Organisation as a case study. Building on this evidence, the report outlines policy recommendations that provide a sound basis for principles of good multilateral donorship to deliver on the 2030 Agenda.



Funding to the multilateral development system

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the interconnected nature of the development challenges of our time call for a stronger and renewed role of multilateral co-operation to foster a new era of reduced poverty, economic and social progress, environmental sustainability and peaceful and inclusive societies. But how are current funding patterns supporting this greater need for multilateral co-operation? Are they holding the system together or are they pulling it apart? This chapter attempts to answer these questions by providing an overview of the main trends of official development assistance (ODA) financing to the multilateral system. As an innovation to previous editions of this report, the second part of the chapter examines what the “beyond ODA”, broader funding landscape of multilateral organisations looks like to discuss the implications of efforts to attract funding from a wider range of sources: China and other emerging economies, philanthropy and the private sector.



This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error