Multilateral Aid 2015

Better Partnerships for a Post-2015 World

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This 2015 OECD report on multilateral aid contributes to the broader debate on how to implement the post-2015 development agenda. It argues that multilateral organisations have a fundamental role to play to forge and strengthen inclusive partnerships that will provide the collective, cross-border solutions needed to eradicate absolute poverty and foster a new era of economic progress, environmental sustainability, and peaceful and inclusive societies. But to be fit for purpose, multilateral organisations will need to implement a challenging reform agenda to both address the unfinished business of internal changes and respond to a fast-changing global environment.

Multilateral Aid 2015 identifies how bilateral providers can support multilateral organisations in implementing the necessary changes and fostering effective partnerships that (i) make best use of all resources available for development, including earmarked funding, and (ii) leverage knowledge and resources from partners beyond the “traditional donors”.

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Recent trends in the globalmultilateral aid landscape

Against the background of the approaching deadline for agreeing a new agenda for sustainable development there have been developments in the ways multilateral organisations, both old and new, operate and are funded. This chapter discusses a number of these developments, from the successful pledging conference for the Green Climate Fund, to emerging proposals to establish additional global pooled funds for implementing the post-2015 development agenda, to preparations by individual multilateral organisations to be fit for purpose in the post-2015 era. Also discussed are providers’ preferences signalled by the outcomes of the recent replenishments of three key multilateral organisations: the International Development Association, the African Development Bank and the Global Fund. The chapter begins by providing key figures on global trends of multilateral flows: the evolution of core and non-core resources up to 2013; their distribution across multilateral organisations; and the sectorial and geographic allocation of both multilateral outflows and non-core resources.

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