Multilateral Aid 2015

Better Partnerships for a Post-2015 World

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This 2015 OECD report on multilateral aid contributes to the broader debate on how to implement the post-2015 development agenda. It argues that multilateral organisations have a fundamental role to play to forge and strengthen inclusive partnerships that will provide the collective, cross-border solutions needed to eradicate absolute poverty and foster a new era of economic progress, environmental sustainability, and peaceful and inclusive societies. But to be fit for purpose, multilateral organisations will need to implement a challenging reform agenda to both address the unfinished business of internal changes and respond to a fast-changing global environment.

Multilateral Aid 2015 identifies how bilateral providers can support multilateral organisations in implementing the necessary changes and fostering effective partnerships that (i) make best use of all resources available for development, including earmarked funding, and (ii) leverage knowledge and resources from partners beyond the “traditional donors”.

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The elaboration of the Sustainable Development Goals for the post-2015 period represents a concerted effort to adjust the international development narrative to a new reality: since 2000 the economic and social conditions of developing countries have improved; aid delivery is being revolutionised by modern technologies; and new actors are entering development finance, bringing with them a significant volume of flows, new allocation priorities and innovative financial instruments. Furthermore, today’s development challenges – including climate change, food security, trade and migration – are complex and interconnected, affecting both developed and developing nations. In this context, multilateral organisations are set to play an increasingly important role in the pursuit of global development. As expressed by the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post- 2015 Agenda, “the post-2015 development agenda must signal a new era for multilateralism and international cooperation” (UN, 2013).

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