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Multilateral Aid 2015

Better Partnerships for a Post-2015 World

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This 2015 OECD report on multilateral aid contributes to the broader debate on how to implement the post-2015 development agenda. It argues that multilateral organisations have a fundamental role to play to forge and strengthen inclusive partnerships that will provide the collective, cross-border solutions needed to eradicate absolute poverty and foster a new era of economic progress, environmental sustainability, and peaceful and inclusive societies. But to be fit for purpose, multilateral organisations will need to implement a challenging reform agenda to both address the unfinished business of internal changes and respond to a fast-changing global environment.

Multilateral Aid 2015 identifies how bilateral providers can support multilateral organisations in implementing the necessary changes and fostering effective partnerships that (i) make best use of all resources available for development, including earmarked funding, and (ii) leverage knowledge and resources from partners beyond the “traditional donors”.

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Leveraging knowledge and resources from providers beyond the DAC to enhance post-2015 partnerships

Several countries beyond the DAC are becoming increasingly important players in promoting development worldwide. This chapter focuses on seven of them (Brazil, China, India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates), which provide the bulk (82%) of concessional development finance beyond the DAC and the extent to which they are engaging in multilateral development co-operation. The chapter reveals the heterogeneity of these countries and sheds light on the volume and modalities of their contributions to multilateral organisations. Recent developments are also examined, including the emergence of new multilateral institutions supported by the BRICS countries and China’s leadership role with regard to new multilateral infrastructure funds in Asia and Eurasia. The chapter suggests ways to improve the multilateral system and gear it to deliver effectively in a post-2015 world.

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