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Multilateral Aid 2015

Better Partnerships for a Post-2015 World

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This 2015 OECD report on multilateral aid contributes to the broader debate on how to implement the post-2015 development agenda. It argues that multilateral organisations have a fundamental role to play to forge and strengthen inclusive partnerships that will provide the collective, cross-border solutions needed to eradicate absolute poverty and foster a new era of economic progress, environmental sustainability, and peaceful and inclusive societies. But to be fit for purpose, multilateral organisations will need to implement a challenging reform agenda to both address the unfinished business of internal changes and respond to a fast-changing global environment.

Multilateral Aid 2015 identifies how bilateral providers can support multilateral organisations in implementing the necessary changes and fostering effective partnerships that (i) make best use of all resources available for development, including earmarked funding, and (ii) leverage knowledge and resources from partners beyond the “traditional donors”.

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Global pooled funding mechanisms and other instruments to earmark funding: how effective are they on the ground?

The past decade has seen a rapid growth in the funding sources and instruments used to foster inclusive growth in developing countries, including a wider array of multilateral funding mechanisms. This chapter describes the complexity of these mechanisms from a partner country perspective using a case study on Tanzania as an illustrative example. The chapter also provides a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of global pooled funding mechanisms and other instruments to earmark resources in: i) promoting country ownership; ii) providing stable/predictable flows; iii) contributing positively to the co-ordination of development partners and reducing fragmentation; iv) leveraging resources/knowledge from partners beyond the members of the OECD/DAC; and v) innovating. As the global community reflects on the post-2015 development agenda, evidence on the relative strengths and weaknesses of various multilateral mechanisms can help providers choose the most appropriate mechanisms for specific needs and enhance their effectiveness.

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