Multi-dimensional Review of Thailand

Volume 3: From Analysis to Action

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Thailand is a fast emerging country that aspires to become a high-income economy by 2037. Strong growth has enabled the country to join the group of upper-middle-income economies in the early 2010s and to perform well in many areas. At the same time, the benefits of prosperity have not been shared evenly nationwide and the economic development has taken a toll on the environment. Moving forward, Thailand needs to master three transitions to build capabilities and sustain faster but also more inclusive economic growth: enabling further growth by unlocking the full potential of all Thailand’s regions; developing more effective methods of organisation and collaboration between actors and levels of government; managing water security and disaster risk. Based on the previous volume’s in-depth analysis and policy recommendations, this report suggests a set of actions to support these transitions. The actions focus on the North of Thailand, one of the most diverse and yet poorest regions of the country.



Towards better management of water security in Thailand’s Northern Region

The Northern Region of Thailand contains 17 individual provinces each of which presents unique challenges with regard to water management. Expansion of the tourism sector in Chiang Mai is linked to issues of water quality, growth in the agricultural and manufacturing sectors in Tak presents difficulties related to water allocation, and seasonal variations in precipitation are at the root cause of low water levels in the Mekong River Basin that impact navigation and export opportunities in Chiang Rai. Tackling these varied water management challenges requires a strong vision and water strategy on the part of central government as well as empowered local actors to deliver against their mandate. This chapter presents policy recommendations that intend to improve organisation, policy coherence and decision making, and take a long-term, risk-based approach to infrastructure development and water security.


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