Multi-dimensional Review of Myanmar

Volume 1. Initial Assessment

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This volume is the first of the OECD Development Pathways, a new series that looks at multiple development objectives beyond an exclusive focus on growth. The series starts with Myanmar, a country to be covered for the first time by the OECD. This initial assessment shows that Myanmar’s success in achieving stable and sustainable growth will depend vitally on its ability to develop the institutional and social capital necessary to maintain macroeconomic and financial stability, to ensure the rule of law, to achieve environmentally sustainable development and to create an enabling environment for the private sector. To be sustainable, growth also needs to be more equitable and inclusive. Seizing the momentum created by the country’s opening and internal peace process will be imperative. Moreover, Myanmar’s increasing population provides a demographic dividend which needs to be reaped in the next couple of decades to boost the potential of the economy. After that, the population will begin ageing and Myanmar risks getting old before the incomes and living standards of its people can significantly improve.




OECD Development Centre

Transitions are complex phenomena which require astute policy making backed up by unwavering political will. The progress made in Myanmar since the start of its transition process in 2011 has been remarkable, particularly given the country’s unique challenge of a “triple transition”. In the political sphere, the country has moved from military rule to multi-party democracy; economic reforms aim to transform a largely centrally planned economy to a market-based one; and finally, negotiated ceasefires in the on-going peace process have halted several of the prolonged conflicts in the country’s border areas.


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