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Multi-dimensional Review of El Salvador

Strategic Priorities for Robust, Inclusive and Sustainable Development

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El Salvador has made significant development progress in the past 30 years. The end of the civil war in 1992 marked the establishment of a liberal democracy and an open export-led development model, which led to a reduction in poverty and inequality. However, with economic growth averaging a modest 2.4% in the years before the COVID-19 pandemic, and productivity growth of 0.1% over the past decade, the post-war model has not generated the economic momentum or the jobs that the country needs. Decisive action is necessary to kickstart more robust, inclusive and sustainable development. Based on a multi-dimensional analysis of development in El Salvador, this report makes four priority recommendations: 1) build the conditions for a productive transformation and modernisation of the economy; 2) increase the quantity, quality and relevance of education; 3) manage water resources better to deliver water and sanitation for all in a sustainable manner; and 4) modernise the State so it can effectively deliver key public goods, from security to education to health, and successfully steer the next stage in the country’s development.

English Also available in: Spanish

Education and skills formation for development in El Salvador

This chapter examines the state of El Salvador’s education system, and its ability to prepare children and young people for the labour market. The review underscores barriers to access, progression and completion, in light of the country’s socio-economic and geographical disparities. It suggests targeted policy recommendations to provide children and youth with the necessary skills to help build El Salvador’s future.

English Also available in: Spanish

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