Multi-dimensional Review of Côte d'Ivoire

Volume 3. From Analysis to Action

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The Multi-dimensional Review of Côte d'Ivoire aims to support the crafting of a development strategy for Côte d'Ivoire to reach emergence, the status of emergent economy, in 2020. The report recommends that Ivorian authorities focus on diversifying Côte d'Ivoire’s economy towards a more industrialised and modern structure, while supporting the economy’s competitiveness. To achieve this goal, Côte d'Ivoire needs to improve and develop its infrastructure network in the entire territory, encourage private sector investment in particular in SMEs, and improve education levels. A tax system that generates less distortion and more revenue to finance the growing needs of the country will also be required. This report details recommendations for each thematic area aimed at removing obstacles to emergence.

The successful implementation of these reforms will require a more efficient public administration to promote the priority projects, stimulate more changes and ensure the operationalisation of actions. This report also provides a dashboard that tracks progress and provides the basis for the evaluation of changes leading to emergence in 2020.

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Executive summary

OECD Development Centre

Côte d’Ivoire’s past shows that economic growth has not been sufficiently sustainable to allow the country to achieve emergence: that is to say, progress towards the status of an emerging economy or market. The sustained growth of the 1960-80 period, the Ivorian “miracle”, was followed by a period of long decline. Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) doubled between independence in 1960 and the end of the 1970s. But 15 years later, into the mid-1990s, it receded to its 1960 level and stagnated there until the recent revival.

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