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Documents d’orientation de l’OCDE sur le développement

La Stratégie de l’OCDE pour le développement vise à favoriser une croissance inclusive et durable dans un large éventail de pays. L’Organisation s’appuie sur l’analyse des données, le dialogue et le partage de connaissances pour améliorer l’élaboration des politiques publiques et favoriser les réformes économiques. La stratégie identifie quatre thèmes interdépendants : les sources de croissance innovantes et durables ; la mobilisation des ressources pour le développement ; une gouvernance favorisant un développement durable ; et la mesure des progrès en matière de développement. Conçus pour un large public, les Documents d’orientation de l'OCDE sur le développement visent à stimuler l’analyse et la discussion autour de ces themes.

English, French

Measuring women’s economic empowerment

Time use data and gender inequality

Empowerment, co-ordinated jointly by the OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, the Development Centre and Statistics Directorate. The initiative aims to identify policy and programme solutions to promote women’s economic empowerment by recognising, reducing and redistributing women’s unpaid care work. This paper presents new analysis of time use data and unpaid care work from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Peru and South Africa as well as comparisons with OECD countries. It provides recommendations for policy makers, donors and development practitioners to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, drawing on learning from the Social Institutions and Gender Index and in-country research by the OECD Policy Dialogue on Women’s Economic Empowerment. Specifically, the recommendations focus on how to recognise unpaid care work by measuring and valuing it, reduce time spent on drudgery by the provision of quality infrastructure and redistribute unpaid care tasks more equally between men and women by transforming gender stereotypes.

English

Keywords: gender equality, gender gaps, Unpaid care work, women’s economic empowerment, time use
JEL: J18: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics: Public Policy; J22: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Time Allocation and Labor Supply; J16: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination; O18: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Development / Economic Development: Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
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