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OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers

OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers cover work on understanding aid flows, strengthening aid delivery and improving development policy. Topics include, among others, aid statistics and architecture, aid effectiveness, capacity development, development co-operation systems and management, evaluation of development programmes, as well as the relationship between development and trade, conflict and fragility, environment, gender equality, governance and poverty reduction.

English

Linking Aid to the Sustainable Development Goals – a machine learning approach

Official Development Assistance amounted USD 146.6 billions in 2017 but do we know how much of this aid contributed to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? And to what SDG in particular? This paper present a new methodology using machine learning designed to link project-based flows to the Sustainable Development Goals. It provide first estimates of DAC and non-DAC donors’ aid contribution for the goal and show that similar analysis can be done at the recipient level and for other type of textual database such as private sector reports; opening wide array for policy analysis.

The methodology presented in this working paper uses semantic analysis of the text description of each project present in the Creditor Reporting System (CRS).

English

Keywords: Innovation, Sectors, Sustainable Development Goals, Artificial Intelligence, Text Mining, Credit Reporting System, Machine Learning, Official Development Finance
JEL: F35: International Economics / International Finance / Foreign Aid; C38: Mathematical and Quantitative Methods / Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables / Classification Methods; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Models; C45: Mathematical and Quantitative Methods / Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics / Neural Networks and Related Topics; O11: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Development / Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development; F21: International Economics / International Factor Movements and International Business / International Investment; Long-term Capital Movements; C55: Mathematical and Quantitative Methods / Econometric Modeling / Large Data Sets: Modeling and Analysis
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